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Reactions in the Lower Part of the Blast Furnace with Focus on Silicon
KTH, Superseded Departments, Materials Science and Engineering.
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

The thermodynamic conditions for the behaviour of silicon in the lower part of the blast furnace have been the focus of the thesis. More specifically, the influences of temperature, carbon activity, total gas pressure and Fe reoxidation on silicon have been studied.

Calculations show that an increased temperature gives higher equilibrium ratio between silicon in hot metal and slag. Furthermore, laboratory reduction studies shows that the carbon activity in the cohesive zone increase with an increased reduction time. Increased carbon activity will increase the equilibrium silicon content in liquid metal.

Equilibrium calculations based on tapped hot metal and slag shows that the equilibrium silicon content of the liquid metal phase is higher than measured at tapping. Around the raceway area the equilibrium silicon content is very high. The high equilibrium silicon content makes it important to differ between the conditions under operation and the conditions of samples taken out of the blast furnace before studied. The equilibrium silicon content is strongly correlated to the CO gas partial pressure. Often this partial pressure is changed during sampling and cooling of samples. At tapping the equilibrium partial pressure of CO has been calculated to higher values than the total gas pressure inside the blast furnace.

Metal droplets found in tapped slags are probably formed by reduction of FeO. In the periphery part of the lower part of the blast furnace, it is believed that mainly FeO oxidises silicon in hot metal. It is not expected that the metal droplets in the slag is formed if FeO oxidises dissolved silicon. Instead, the iron droplets may form at reactions with gas, coke carbon or coal powder carbon. Around some droplets increased magnesium content has been found. This may be due to reactions with gaseous magnesium that, according to thermodynamic conditions, is easy to form. It has been reported that much FeO may be formed in the raceway area. The metal droplets may indicate how much FeO that reacts with other components than liquid iron. The iron found in metal droplets in the slag corresponds to between 0.02 and 0.2 wt-% FeO in the slag.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Materialvetenskap , 2004. , xii, 56 p.
Keyword [en]
blast furnace chemistry, ironmak ing, thermodynamics, silicon compounds, combustion, fuel injection, mass balance, slags, pig iron, gases, droplets
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-59ISBN: 91-7283-895-7OAI: diva2:14525
Public defence
2004-11-26, Sal B2, Brinellvägen 23, Stockholm, 13:00
Available from: 2004-11-26 Created: 2004-11-26 Last updated: 2014-10-10Bibliographically approved

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