Synergism and Foaming Properties in Mixed Nonionic/Fatty Acid Surfactant Systems
2003 (English)In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 267, 9-17 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The synergism and foaming behavior of a mixed surfactant system consisting of a nonionic surfactant (polyethoxylated alkyl ether CnEm) and a fatty acid soap (sodium oleate) were studied. The micellar interaction parameter (the beta-parameter) was determined from the cmc following the approach of Rubingh's regular solution theory. For both the C12E6/sodium oleate and the C14E6/sodium oleate mixtures, the results indicate a fairly strong attractive interaction (negative beta-values), which were in agreement with previous data reported for other nonionic/anionic surfactant systems. The characteristics of the foam produced from the surfactants were evaluated using a glass column equipped with a series of electrodes measuring the conductance of the foam, which enabled the water content of the foam to be determined. From these measurements. since the total foam volume was almost the same for all concentrations and surfactants, we compared the amount of liquid in the foam produced under dynamic foaming and the ability of the foam to entrain the liquid after the airflow was switched-off (static foam stability). The amount of liquid in the foam 100 s after the air was switched-off followed the order NaOl > C12E6 > C14E6. Also, the mixtures had the same foam volumes as the pure surfactants at the same concentration. However, both mixtures had higher concentrations of liquid in the foam when the mole fraction of the nonionic surfactant in the mixed surfactant system was greater than about >0.3 in the solution.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 267, 9-17 p.
De-inking flotation, synergistic effects, fatty acid soap with nonionics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9038DOI: 10.1016/S0021-9797(03)00482-XISI: 000185991800002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-9038DiVA: diva2:14579
QC 201009232006-01-272006-01-272010-09-23Bibliographically approved