Assessment of a partial nitritation/Anammox system for nitrogen removal
2006 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
This thesis evaluates the performance of a deammonification system designed as a two-step tech-nology consisting of an initial partial nitritation followed by an Anammox process. Operation of a technical-scale pilot plant at the Himmerfjärden Wastewater Treatment Plant (Grödinge, Swe-den) has been assessed. Oxygen Uptake Rate (OUR) to evaluate the respiration activity of nitrifi-ers in the system and batch tests to assess reaction rates have also been applied in the study. It was found that the total inorganic nitrogen elimination strongly depended on the nitrite-to-ammonium ratio in the influent to the Anammox reactor, which was correlated with the per-formance of the partial nitritation phase. Therefore, a control strategy for oxidation of ammo-nium to nitrite has been proposed. Controlled oxygen supply to the partial nitritation reactor is obligatory to obtain a proper pH drop indicating oxidation of ammonia to nitrite at the adequate ratio. A very high nitrogen removal efficiency (an average of 84%) and stable operation of the system have been reached. Conductivity measurements were also used to monitor the system influent nitrogen load and the nitrogen removal in the Anammox reactor. The data gathered from the operation of the pilot plant enabled the use of multivariate data analysis to model the process behaviour and the assessment of the covariances between the process parameters. The options for full-scale implementation of the Anammox systems have been proposed as a result of the study.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2006. , xvi, 57 p.
Trita-LWR. LIC, ISSN 1650-8629 ; 2034
Biofilm; Deammonification; Nitrogen removal; Oxygen Uptake Rate (OUR); Partial nitritation/Anammox system
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-604ISBN: 91-7178-167-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-604DiVA: diva2:14594
2006-02-02, V1, V, Teknikringen 72, KTH campus, 13:30
Surmacz-Gorska, Joanna, Professor
QC 201011152006-01-312006-01-312010-11-15Bibliographically approved
List of papers