Theory and experiment of entanglement in a quasi-phase-matched two-crystal source
2006 (English)In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Phys. Rev. A, ISSN 1050-2947, Vol. 73, no 3, 032326- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We report results regarding a source of polarization entangled photon pairs created by the process of spontaneous parametric downconversion in two orthogonally oriented, periodically poled, bulk KTiOPO4 crystals. The source emits light colinearly at the nondegenerate wavelengths of 810 and 1550 nm, and is optimized for a single-mode optical fiber collection and long-distance quantum communication. The configuration favors long crystals, which promote a high photon-pair production rate at a narrow bandwidth, together with a high pair probability in fibers. The quality of entanglement is limited by chromatic dispersion, which we analyze by determining the output state. We find that such a decoherence effect is strongly material dependent, providing for long crystals an upper bound on the visibility of the coincidence fringes of 41% for KTiOPO4, and zero for LiNbO3. The best obtained raw visibility, when canceling decoherence with an extra piece of crystal, was 91 +/- 0.2%, including background counts. We confirm by a violation of the CHSH-inequality (S=2.679 +/- 0.004 at 55 s(-1/2) standard deviations) and by complete quantum state tomography that the fibers carry high-quality entangled pairs at a maximum rate of 55x10(3) s(-1) THz(-1) mW(-1).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 73, no 3, 032326- p.
quantum cryptography, photon pairs, generation, ktiopo4
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9064DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.73.032326ISI: 000236467500055ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33645053534OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-9064DiVA: diva2:14618
QC 201009082006-02-102006-02-102010-09-13Bibliographically approved