On the effects of the packet size distribution on FEC performance
2006 (English)In: Computer Networks, ISSN 1389-1286, E-ISSN 1872-7069, Vol. 50, no 8, 1104-1129 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
For multimedia traffic like VBR video, knowledge of the average loss probability is not sufficient to determine the impact of loss on the perceived visual quality and on the possible ways of improving it, for example by forward error correction (FEC) and error concealment. In this paper we investigate how the packet size distribution affects the packet loss process, i.e., the probability of consecutive losses and the distribution of the number of packets lost in a block of packets and the related FEC performance. We present an exact mathematical model for the loss process of an MMPP + MMPP/Er/1/K queue and compare the results of the model to simulations performed with various other packet size distributions (PSDs), among others, the measured PSD from an Internet backbone. The results show that analytical models of the PSD matching the first three moments (mean, variance and skewness) of the empirical PSD can be used to evaluate the performance of FEC in real networks. We conclude that the exponential PSD, though it is not a worst case scenario, is a good approximation for the PSD of today's Internet to evaluate FEC performance. We also conclude that the packet size distribution affects the packet loss process and thus the efficiency of FEC mainly in access networks where a single multimedia stream might affect the multiplexing behavior. We evaluate how the PSD affects the accuracy of the widely used Gilbert model to calculate FEC performance and conclude that the Gilbert model can capture loss correlations better if the CoV of the PSD is high.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 50, no 8, 1104-1129 p.
Forward error correction, Gilbert-model, MMPP, Packet loss process, Packet size distribution
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9094DOI: 10.1016/j.comnet.2005.09.006ISI: 000237104200007ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33646175145OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-9094DiVA: diva2:14656
QC 20100924. Uppdaterad från In press till Published (20100924). Conference: 3rd International Workshop on QoS in Multiservice IP Networks. Catania, ITALY. FEB, 20052006-02-132006-02-132013-09-09Bibliographically approved