On the shrinkage of metals and its effect in solidification processing
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
The shrinkage during solidification of aluminium and iron based alloys has been studied experimentally and theoretically. The determined shrinkage behaviour has been used in theoretical evaluation of shrinkage related phenomena during solidification.
Air gap formation was experimentally studied in cylindrical moulds. Aluminium based alloys were cast in a cast iron mould while iron based alloys were cast in a water-cooled copper mould. Displacements and temperatures were measured throughout the solidification process. The modelling work shows that the effect of vacancy incorporation during the solidification has to be taken into account in order to accurately describe the shrinkage.
Crack formation was studied during continuous casting of steel. A model for prediction of crack locations has been developed and extended to consider non-equilibrium solidification. The model demonstrates that the shrinkage due to vacancy condensation is an important parameter to regard when predicting crack formation.
The centreline segregation was studied, where the contributions from thermal and solidification shrinkage were analysed theoretically and compared with experimental findings. In order to compare macrosegregation in continuous casting and ingot casting, ingots cast with the same steel grade was analysed. However, the macrosegregation due to A-segregation is driven by the density difference due to segregation. This is also analysed experimentally as well as theoretically.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Materialvetenskap , 2004. , 48 p.
Trita-MG, ISSN 1104-7127 ; 2004:02
Materials science, material science, mechanical engineering, metallurgy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-75OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-75DiVA: diva2:14727
2004-12-10, kollegiesalen, Valhallavägen 79, Stockholm, 10:15
Mitchell, Alec Mitchell, Prof