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Loads and responses for planing craft in waves
KTH, Superseded Departments, Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8343-5098
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Experimental and numerical analysis of loads and responses for planing craft in waves is considered. Extensive experiments have been performed on a planing craft, in full-scale as well as in model scale. The test set-ups and significant results are reviewed. The required resolution in experiments on planing craft in waves, concerning sampling frequencies, filtering and pressure transducer areas, is investigated. The aspects of peak identification in transient signals, fitting of analytical cumulative distribution functions to sampled data, and statistical convergence are treated.

A method for reconstruction of the momentary pressure distribution at hull-water impact, from measurements with a limited number of transducers, is presented. The method is evaluated to full-scale data, and is concluded to be applicable in detailed evaluation of the hydrodynamic load distribution in time-domain simulations. Another suggested area of application is in full-scale design evaluations, where it can improve the traceability, i.e. enable evaluation of the loads along with the responses with more confidence.

The presented model experiment was designed to enable time-domain monitoring of the complete hydromechanic pressure distribution on planing craft in waves. The test set-up is evaluated by comparing vertical forces and pitching moments derived from acceleration measurements, with the corresponding forces derived with the pressure distribution reconstruction method. Clear correlation is found.

An approach for direct calculations of loads, as well as motion and structure response, is presented. Hydrodynamic loads and motion responses are calculated with a non-linear time-domain strip method. Structure responses are calculated by applying momentary distributed pressure loads, formulated from hydrodynamic simulations, on a global finite element model with inertia relief. From the time series output, limiting conditions and extreme responses are determined by means of short term statistics. Promising results are demonstrated in applications, where extreme structure responses derived by the presented approach, are compared with responses to equivalent uniform rule based loads, and measured responses from the full-scale trials. It is concluded that the approach is a useful tool for further research, which could be developed into a rational design method.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Farkost och flyg , 2004. , 44 p.
Trita-AVE, ISSN 1651-7660 ; 2004:47
Keyword [en]
Applied mechanics, planing craft, high-speed craft, waves, model tests, sull-scale trials
Keyword [sv]
Teknisk mekanik
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-91ISBN: 91-7283-936-8OAI: diva2:14900
Public defence
2004-12-17, Sal E1, Lindstedsvägen 3, Stockholm, 10:00
Available from: 2004-12-17 Created: 2004-12-17 Last updated: 2012-03-21

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