Införandet av streckkoder i Sverige: Transkript av ett vittnesseminarium vid Tekniska museet i Stockholm den 22 oktober 2008
2008 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
The witness seminar ”The introduction of bar codes in Sweden” took place at the National Museum of Science and Technology in Stockholm on 22 October 2008 and was led by Gustav Sjöblom. The definition and implementation of EAN – a European standard for the identification and printing of unique article numbers – was a major innovation in the wholesale and retail trade, which led to substantial rationalization and revolutionized the generation and usage of sales data for ordering, marketing etc. The seminar panel was composed of three members of the Swedish and European EAN committees (representing suppliers and trade respectively); representatives of four major Swedish chains (ICA Essve, Åhléns, KF, and Dagab); and one supplier of cash registers (ADS Anker). The seminar was divided into two parts, the first dealing with the period from the initiation of European negotiations on the definition of the EAN code structure in 1973, to the signing in 1977 of the Swedish agreement between the suppliers’ organization DLF and the major chains. The theme of the second half was the implementation of EAN codes in actual practice, including manufacturers printing the EAN symbol on the packages and the supermarket chains installing equipment for reading and data capture. The EAN code was introduced in a few stores in 1981 and spread rapidly so that retailing in practice could be based on EAN from c. 1983.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , 48 p.
Trita-HST, ISSN 1103-5277 ; 2008:39
datorer och databehandling, datorisering – effekter på samhället, historia – 1945-, historia – datorer, informationsteknik, teknikhistoria, vetenskapshistoria, vittnesseminarium
History of Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9926ISRN: KTH/HST/WP 2008/39-SEISBN: 978-91-7415-069-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-9926DiVA: diva2:159097