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Perceived consequences among pregnant and non-pregnant women of continuing or ceasing to smoke.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics, Safety Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7606-8771
2007 (English)In: International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, ISSN 0020-7292, Vol. 99, no 2, 117-121 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]


To examine the perception of risk of smoking-related psychological and social outcomes, and the effect of pregnancy and intention to stop smoking on the perceived risk.


Eighty women were asked to make judgments about the probability of outcomes for smoking-related consequences. Four subgroups were created using the variables of pregnancy (pregnant versus not pregnant) and cessation of smoking (intention to stop versus no intention to stop). Judgments were based on the decision to stop and not stop smoking.


Intention to stop smoking affected the estimated probabilities for the occurrence of consequences for both continuing and stopping smoking, whereas pregnancy did not affect the estimated probabilities. The estimated effect of stopping smoking was statistically significant.


Health messages about smoking for all population groups should consider both future risk of mortality and immediate quality-of-life effects of smoking.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2007. Vol. 99, no 2, 117-121 p.
Keyword [en]
Pregnancy, Smoking, Risk
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9960DOI: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2007.04.039ISI: 000251225900009ScopusID: 2-s2.0-35248872013OAI: diva2:173524
QC20100831Available from: 2009-02-20 Created: 2009-02-16 Last updated: 2010-09-01Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Risk, Risk Analysis and Decision-making with Reference to Biostatistics and the Field of Medicine
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Risk, Risk Analysis and Decision-making with Reference to Biostatistics and the Field of Medicine
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Risk, risk analysis and decision-making are essential aspects of health care andmedicine, for patients as well as for physicians and for society as a whole, andthe concept of risk and risk analysis in decision-making has a long history. Theword risk has many different interpretations and has no commonly accepteddefinition. In this thesis, we shall let risk stand for the combination of randomor uncertain events with negative consequences for human health, life and/orwelfare and/or the environment together with some measures of the likelihoodof such events. We believe this is the dominant concept and understanding ofrisk, the risk being the likelihood or probability of an event followed by somenegative consequences or activities of that event.

In this doctoral thesis, we focus on biostatistics, risks and risk analysis in thefield of medicine, a science which has been using methods from the area of riskanalysis for a long time. The seven papers (paper I - paper VII) presented inthis thesis, together with a general introduction to risk, risk analysis anddecision-making, will be used to illustrate and discuss risk analysis as a tool fordecision-making in the field of medicine. From my point a view, risk analysisin the field of medicine aims to reduce pain, raise the quality of life, reduce therisk of adverse events, compare cost efficiency between different treatmentregimes and prolong a healthy life. Based on results presented in the thesis, weconclude that biostatistics, risks and risk analysis used in the field of medicineare valuable methods for evaluation of hypotheses within the health care areaand a good basis for decision-making.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2010. 51 p.
Trita-TEC-PHD, ISSN 1653-4468 ; 10:004
risk analysis, risk, consequence, system, biostatistics, decision, decision-making, health care, medicine
National Category
Medical Laboratory and Measurements Technologies
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-24304 (URN)978-91-8559-62-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-09-15, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 10:15 (English)
QC20100901Available from: 2010-09-01 Created: 2010-09-01 Last updated: 2010-09-01Bibliographically approved

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