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Values and beliefs about consequences related to smoking among pregnant and non-pregnant women
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301), Safety Research (closed 20110301).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7606-8771
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301), Safety Research (closed 20110301).
2007 (English)In: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0144-3615, E-ISSN 1364-6893, Vol. 27, no 6, 558-563 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study was to test a model based on the product of value and belief, called expected utility (EU), on the addictive behaviour of smoking. A total of 40 pregnant and 40 non-pregnant women over a period of 2 weeks performed judgements on values and beliefs about consequences related to smoking for the conditions of continuing and stopping smoking. There were no differences between pregnant and non-pregnant women in the EU of smoking. Differences in expected utility between the conditions of continuing and stopping smoking were larger for health consequences compared with psychological and social consequences and consequences related to pregnancy. Expected utility gives a good description of judgements over time. Values as well as beliefs related to health consequences should be stressed in smoking cessation programmes, especially among pregnant women.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 27, no 6, 558-563 p.
Keyword [en]
Beliefs, decision, pregnancy, smoking, values
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9961DOI: 10.1080/01443610701469883ISI: 000251069100002PubMedID: 17896249Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-34848834801OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-9961DiVA: diva2:173566
Note
QC 20100831Available from: 2009-02-16 Created: 2009-02-16 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Risk, Risk Analysis and Decision-making with Reference to Biostatistics and the Field of Medicine
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Risk, Risk Analysis and Decision-making with Reference to Biostatistics and the Field of Medicine
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Risk, risk analysis and decision-making are essential aspects of health care andmedicine, for patients as well as for physicians and for society as a whole, andthe concept of risk and risk analysis in decision-making has a long history. Theword risk has many different interpretations and has no commonly accepteddefinition. In this thesis, we shall let risk stand for the combination of randomor uncertain events with negative consequences for human health, life and/orwelfare and/or the environment together with some measures of the likelihoodof such events. We believe this is the dominant concept and understanding ofrisk, the risk being the likelihood or probability of an event followed by somenegative consequences or activities of that event.

In this doctoral thesis, we focus on biostatistics, risks and risk analysis in thefield of medicine, a science which has been using methods from the area of riskanalysis for a long time. The seven papers (paper I - paper VII) presented inthis thesis, together with a general introduction to risk, risk analysis anddecision-making, will be used to illustrate and discuss risk analysis as a tool fordecision-making in the field of medicine. From my point a view, risk analysisin the field of medicine aims to reduce pain, raise the quality of life, reduce therisk of adverse events, compare cost efficiency between different treatmentregimes and prolong a healthy life. Based on results presented in the thesis, weconclude that biostatistics, risks and risk analysis used in the field of medicineare valuable methods for evaluation of hypotheses within the health care areaand a good basis for decision-making.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2010. 51 p.
Series
TRITA-TEC-PHD, ISSN 1653-4468 ; 10:004
Keyword
risk analysis, risk, consequence, system, biostatistics, decision, decision-making, health care, medicine
National Category
Medical Laboratory and Measurements Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-24304 (URN)978-91-85539-62-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-09-15, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20100901

Available from: 2010-09-01 Created: 2010-09-01 Last updated: 2017-02-22Bibliographically approved

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Näsman, Per

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