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Company incentives and tools for promoting telecommuting
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301). (Transporter och lokaliseringsanalys)
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301). (Transporter och lokaliseringsanalys)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9235-0232
2006 (English)In: Environment and Behavior, ISSN 0013-9165, E-ISSN 1552-390X, Vol. 38, no 4, 521-549 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this article is to identify company and employee benefits from telecommuting. Telecommuting implies that a large proportion of the company's office space is unoccupied. To use this efficiently, flexible offices could be introduced in which the employees do not have their own office but use any desk in an open office space. In addition, if telecommuting implies reductions in office space in which employees donate the use of their homes - rent free - to the employer, it is quite fair for the employer to consider returning some of that savings to the telecommuters in compensation for the use of their homes. The results indicate that employees are in fact sensitive to the monetary compensation and that company benefits could be obtained.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 38, no 4, 521-549 p.
Keyword [en]
Company benefits, Flexible office, Individual preferences, Mixed logit, Rental savings, Telecommuting, Work efficiencies
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9969DOI: 10.1177/0013916505283422ISI: 000238357300005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-33744480284OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-9969DiVA: diva2:173606
Note

QC 20100816

Available from: 2009-02-16 Created: 2009-02-16 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Mobility Management and Climate Change Policies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mobility Management and Climate Change Policies
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Globally, the transport system faces a paradigmatic shift where, in addition to increased local traffic problems, climate change and depletion of fossil oil reserves will foster a successive transition to renewable fuels and a need for more resource-efficient mobility management and communication alternatives. Foresighted countries, cities or companies taking the lead in adapting to these tougher conditions might well not only solve those problems, but also turn the problems into business advantages. This thesis is based on six studies that attempt to develop future strategies based on rigorous principled emission and energy efficiency targets and to modulate the impact of travel policies, technical components and behaviours in economically advantageous ways. The modelling frameworks developed throughout the thesis build on a target-orientated approach called backcasting, where the following general components are applied: (1) target description at a conceptual level i.e. the potential for sustainable energy systems, emissions, costs, behavioural patterns, preferences, etc.; (2) mapping of the current situation in relation to target description; and (3) modelling of alternative sets of policies, technologies, behaviours and economic prerequisites to arrive at target achievement. Sustainable travel strategies are analysed from two main viewpoints. The first four studies focus on company travel planning, where behavioural modelling proved to be an important tool for deriving targetorientated travel policies consistent with employee preferences. The latter two studies focus on strategies and preconditions to meet future emission targets and energy efficiency requirements at a macroscopic regional level by 2030. Backcasting’s role as a generic methodology for effective strategic planning is discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2007. 37 p.
Series
Trita-SOM , ISSN 1653-6126 ; 2007:05
Keyword
Strategic Sustainable Development (SSD), Backcasting, Greenhouse gas emissions, Traffic planning, Company travel planning, Mobility Management
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4539 (URN)978-91-7178-780-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2007-12-07, Sal Vi, KTH, Teknikringen 76, Stockholm, 09:30
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100816Available from: 2007-11-16 Created: 2007-11-16 Last updated: 2010-09-10Bibliographically approved
2. Issues in Urban Travel Demand Modelling: ICT Implications and Trip timing choice
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Issues in Urban Travel Demand Modelling: ICT Implications and Trip timing choice
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Travel demand forecasting is essential for many decisions, such as infrastructure investments and policy measures. Traditionally travel demand modelling has considered trip frequency, mode, destination and route choice. This thesis considers two other choice dimensions, hypothesised to have implications for travel demand forecasting. The first part investigates how the increased possibilities to overcome space that ICT (information and communication technology) provides, can be integrated in travel demand forecasting models. We find that possibilities of modelling substitution effects are limited, irrespective of data source and modelling approach. Telecommuting explains, however, a very small part of variation in work trip frequency. It is therefore not urgent to include effects from telecommuting in travel demand forecasting. The results indicate that telecommuting is a privilege for certain groups of employees, and we therefore expect that negative attitudes from management, job suitability and lack of equipment are important obstacles. We find also that company benefits can be obtained from telecommuting. No evidences that telecommuting gives rise to urban sprawl is, however, found. Hence, there is ground for promoting telecommuting from a societal, individual and company perspective.

The second part develops a departure time choice model in a mixed logit framework. This model explains how travellers trade-off travel time, travel time variability, monetary and scheduling costs, when choosing departure time. We explicitly account for correlation in unobserved heterogeneity over repeated SP choices, which was fundamental for accurate estimation of the substitution pattern. Temporal constraints at destination are found to mainly restrict late arrival. Constraints at origin mainly restrict early departure. Sensitivity to travel time uncertainty depends on trip type and intended arrival time. Given appropriate input data and a calibrated dynamic assignment model, the model can be applied to forecast peak-spreading effects in congested networks. Combined stated preference (SP) and revealed preference (RP) data is used, which has provided an opportunity to compare observed and stated behaviour. Such analysis has previously not been carried out and indicates that there are systematic differences in RP and SP data.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2006
Series
Trita-TEC-PHD, ISSN 1653-4468 ; 06-002
Keyword
Travel Demand, ICT, Tele-substitution, Revealed Preference, Stated Preference, Mixed Logit, Unobserved Heterogeneity, Travel Time Uncertainty, Schedule Delay
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4092 (URN)91-85539-04-X (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-09-29, M3, Maskinteknik, KTH, Brinellvägen 64 Entreplan, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100825Available from: 2006-09-05 Created: 2006-09-05 Last updated: 2010-09-10Bibliographically approved

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