Changes in the microstructure and morphology of high-impact polystyrene subjected to multiple processing and thermo-oxidative degradation
2007 (English)In: European Polymer Journal, ISSN 0014-3057, E-ISSN 1873-1945, Vol. 43, no 10, 4371-4381 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Multiple processing and thermo-oxidation have been employed to simulate the degradative processes to which high-impact polystyrene (HIPS) is subjected during processing, service life, and mechanical recycling. A curve-fitting procedure has been proposed for the analysis of the individual bands corresponding to polybutadiene microstructure resulting from Raman spectroscopy. The analysis of the glass transition relaxations associated with the polybutadiene (PB) and polystyrene (PS) phases has been performed according to the free-volume theory. Both reprocessing and thermo-oxidative degradation are responsible for complex physical and chemical effects on the microstructure and morphology of PB and polystyrene PS phases, which ultimately affect the macroscopic performance of HIPS. Multiple processing affects PB microstructure and the free-volume parameter associated with the PS phase. Physical ageing of the PS phase predominates for shorter exposure to thermo-oxidation; after prolonged exposure, however, the chemical effects on the PB phase become significant and strongly influence the overall structure.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 43, no 10, 4371-4381 p.
high-impact polystyrene, degradation, Raman spectroscopy, dynamic-mechanical properties, polybutadiene microstructure
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4891DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2007.07.017ISI: 000250386600031ScopusID: 2-s2.0-34748865085OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4891DiVA: diva2:1795
QC 201009022008-09-172008-09-172010-11-19Bibliographically approved