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Water Governance: Policy, Politics and Regulation in Honduras
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering, Water Management.
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Water governance exerts an impact on the socio-politic life of Honduras. For instance, the new legal framework changes institutions. New water organisations are created, and new processes and proceedings are proposed. These times when strategies from developed countries are transferred to developing countries, such as water governance, the need for an evaluation is desirable to disentangle the problems and to look forward at opportunities and find alternatives.

The journey from government to governance describes the change from the traditional government behaviour towards new governance. In countries like Honduras, as in developing countries, this change describes a complex process in which the imported strategies are conflicting with existing established socio-political patterns. The new water management approach as applied in Honduras needs to take into account the socio-political reality and the availability of resources, if the water governance process would gain relevance. Honduras is a relatively new democratic country after many years of military regime, thus the government needs also to be part of the governance process.

This doctoral thesis studies and highlights the characteristics of the traditional Honduran government approach, and the effects that the new governance approach has posed in the country. The difficulties emerging from this shift of approaches are discussed, and explored. The research finds support in the exploration of Honduran political and institutional sociological history to elaborate the causes and motives for current governmental attitudes. The research relates to concepts of development strategies, institutionalism and regulation modes.

This thesis argues that governance has achieved a pseudo empirical implementation in Honduras, and that new mechanisms need to be devised to balance the suggested governance mode using new notions of regulatory space, and the theoretical meta-governance approach, in order to balance between the imported measures and the reality. New governance theoretical notions are exposed to encourage and explore new alternatives for the water governance in the Honduras context. It is necessary to realise that institutional changes occur in a long-term adjustment period in order to build trust among actors and water authorities. Moreover, this thesis deems it pertinent that the government as the voter-elected entity should take the decisive lead of the governance approach.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2008. , xii, 72 p.
Series
Trita-LWR. PHD, ISSN 1650-8602 ; 1045
Keyword [en]
Water Governance, Honduras, Institutions, Policy, Politics, Regulatory Governance, Regulatory State
National Category
Water Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4868ISBN: 978-91-7415-103-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4868DiVA: diva2:2070
Public defence
2008-09-23, KTHB- Libray. Salongen, Osquars Backe 31, KTH Library, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100903Available from: 2008-09-23 Created: 2008-09-06 Last updated: 2010-09-03Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. The Water Governance Reform in Honduras
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Water Governance Reform in Honduras
2005 (English)In: IWA Conference in Water Economics, Statistics and Finance: Proceedings Book 1, 2005, 537-544 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Keyword
Honduras, institutional change, institutional framework, reforms, water governance, water policy
National Category
Water Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9134 (URN)
Conference
International Conference on Water Economics, Statistics and Finance 8-10 July, Rethymno Crete, 2005
Note
QC 20100903Available from: 2008-09-23 Created: 2008-09-23 Last updated: 2012-02-12Bibliographically approved
2. The Politics of Honduras Water Institutional Reform
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Politics of Honduras Water Institutional Reform
2008 (English)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

The water and sanitation sector has been in the eye of the storm when referring to institutional reforms in Latin America. Concepts and methodologies have been imported from western countries and these have required adjustments of existing policies and the creation of a regulatory framework. Have these adjustments resulted in delivering an efficient implementation? What is the degree of dependence to the top-down approach, when the implementation stage comes into place?This study focuses first on understanding institutional and organisational structure in the Honduran water sector from 1990-2002. Second, the study analyses the changes generated by the institutional reform and evaluates the policy implementation of the institutional reform and their linkage with past performances and the traditional organisational structure from 2003-2006. Third, three exploratory case studies are presented as the outcomes of these institutional and organisational changes.Finally, the controversies of the institutional change are presented as dilemmas. They exposed the strengths, weaknesses and potentiality of the Water Institutional Reform (WIR). The result of the analysis is presented in the conclusions and indicates the weaknesses carried out from the traditional institutional and organisational water sector system. It proves as well that it is not only the rules that constraint the WIR process but the lack of creativity and incentives that individuals in charge -new administrators-, and not only the administration, thrust into the process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2008. ix, 62 p.
Series
Trita-LWR Report, ISSN 1650-8610 ; 3020
National Category
Water Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4900 (URN)978-91-7415-086-5 (ISBN)
Note
QC 20100903Available from: 2008-09-23 Created: 2008-09-17 Last updated: 2010-09-03Bibliographically approved
3. When are Partnerships a Viable Tool for Development?: Institutions and Partnerships for Water and Sanitation Service in Latin America
Open this publication in new window or tab >>When are Partnerships a Viable Tool for Development?: Institutions and Partnerships for Water and Sanitation Service in Latin America
2009 (English)In: Water resources management, ISSN 0920-4741, E-ISSN 1573-1650, Vol. 23, no 1, 19-38 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Partnerships are increasingly becoming unpopular in Latin America, they have narrowly been analysed in the context of the international political agenda and criticized for bringing benefits only to the private sector and not to the public sector and society at large. Nevertheless, there are successful experiences for providing water and sanitation at local level. The questions are: Are local level successful experiences the product of a partnership? Was it necessary to build partnerships to add value to the community presence and informal actors? What are the advantages of partnerships at local and national scale? The case studies presented demonstrate that actors need to have an incentive to work together and to build trust. The context in which they operate is also relevant, and in Latin America it is needed a strong national legal institutional framework if partnerships or any agreement should be an alternative to public delivery of water and sanitation. This paper analyses the context in which water and sanitation is delivered in peri-urban areas based on case studies, identified actions for effective provision and on discussion of the institutional framework options and partnership implementation at local and national level. This paper does not advocate partnerships per se; nor are these seen as the problem.

Keyword
Partnerships for water and sanitation, Water Institutions, Local and national water governance, Public-private partnerships (PPP), Public-public partnerships (PUP), Output-based approach (OBA)
National Category
Water Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9135 (URN)10.1007/s11269-008-9262-8 (DOI)000261960200002 ()2-s2.0-58149195461 (Scopus ID)
Note
QC 20100903Available from: 2008-09-23 Created: 2008-09-23 Last updated: 2010-09-03Bibliographically approved
4. Context matters: Working together with Trade Unions in public water supply
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Context matters: Working together with Trade Unions in public water supply
2008 (English)Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Keyword
partnership, water and sanitation sector, trade union, Honduras
National Category
Water Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9136 (URN)
Note
QS 20120315Available from: 2008-09-23 Created: 2008-09-23 Last updated: 2012-03-15Bibliographically approved
5. Reform or Adjustments?: Processes and Patterns in Honduras
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reform or Adjustments?: Processes and Patterns in Honduras
2008 (English)Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Keyword
Honduras, policy reform, water institutional reform, path dependeny, regulation, policy implementation
National Category
Water Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9137 (URN)
Note
QS 20120315Available from: 2008-09-23 Created: 2008-09-23 Last updated: 2012-03-15Bibliographically approved

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