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Goal-Setting and the Logic of Transport Policy Decisions
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy. (Division of Philosophy)
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The thesis aims at developing approaches to transport policy decisions, based on suggestions and ideas originating from moral philosophy and philosophical decision theory.Paper I analyzes the Swedish transport policy goals, and the problem of combining policygoals with welfare economics. A problem of circularity arises as the Swedish transport policygoals are conflicting, and hence must be subject to trade-offs, while several of the goals themselves entail statements on how to prioritize or restrain goals in case of conflict.Paper II analyzes rationality in road safety policy. Problematic features are identified and discussed. The paper argues that the Swedish road safety goal is rational, since it is actionguiding and achievement-inducing.Paper III includes a model of rational choice under risk with biased risk perception. Under certain plausible conditions, a regulator should raise the population’s risk exposure. By deteriorating the environment the regulator can motivate drivers to choose behaviour that is less biased.Paper IV provides a formal representation of goal systems. The focus is on three properties:consistency, conflict, and coherence. It is argued that consistency is adequately regarded as a property relative to the decision situation or, more specifically, the set of alternatives that the agent faces. Conflict is adequately regarded as a relation over subsets of a given goal systemand should likewise be regarded as relative to the set of alternative that the agent faces.Coherence is given a probabilistic interpretation, based on a support relation over subsets of goal systems.Paper V investigates problems associated with standard deontic logic. A deontic predicate is derived, which avoids some of the major paradoxes in the area. In particular, paradoxes occurring when one obligation is derived by logical necessity from another obligation are dealt with.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2009. , vi, 16 p.
Series
Theses in philosophy from the Royal Institute of Technology, ISSN 1650-8831 ; 30
Keyword [en]
goals; transport policy; road safety; coherence; action logic; deontic logic
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-10080ISBN: 978-91-9415-252-4 OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-10080DiVA: diva2:207464
Public defence
2009-03-20, F3, Linstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100806Available from: 2009-03-12 Created: 2009-03-11 Last updated: 2010-08-06Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Combining policy goals and welfare economics: the case of Swedish transport
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Combining policy goals and welfare economics: the case of Swedish transport
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-19413 (URN)
Note
QC 20100806Available from: 2010-08-06 Created: 2010-08-06 Last updated: 2010-08-06Bibliographically approved
2. Vision Zero - Is it irrational?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vision Zero - Is it irrational?
2007 (English)In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, Vol. 41, no 6, 559-567 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Vision Zero, the Swedish road safety policy goal, states that in the long run, no person should be killed or seriously injured as a consequence of road traffic. Since its adoption in 1997, the goal has been seriously criticised. In 2007, performance of the first interim target will be evaluated and a new interim target will be set. In this paper, we summarise the experiences from working with the goal and analyse the criticism that has been put forward against it. The most common criticism is that Vision Zero is an irrational goal. In order to evaluate this criticism, we compare Vision Zero with an independently developed list of adequacy criteria for rational goal-setting. We conclude that according to these criteria, Vision Zero is not irrational.

Keyword
Vision Zero, traffic accidents, rationality, precision, evaluability
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-16569 (URN)10.1016/j.tra.2006.11.002 (DOI)000245864100006 ()2-s2.0-33847698260 (Scopus ID)
Note
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2011-01-14Bibliographically approved
3. Beneficial risk increases
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Beneficial risk increases
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-19415 (URN)
Note
QC 20100806Available from: 2010-08-06 Created: 2010-08-06 Last updated: 2010-08-06Bibliographically approved
4. Properties of goal systems: consistency, conflict, and coherence
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Properties of goal systems: consistency, conflict, and coherence
2008 (English)In: Studia Logica: An International Journal for Symbolic Logic, ISSN 0039-3215, E-ISSN 1572-8730, Vol. 89, no 1, 37-58 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The paper provides a formal representation of goal systems. The focus is on three properties: consistency, conflict, and coherence. An aim is to attain conceptual clarity of these properties. It is argued that consistency is adequately regarded as a property relative to the decision situation or, more specifically, the set of alternatives that the agent faces. Moreover, as a condition of rationality, consistency is stronger than some writers have claimed. Conflict is adequately regarded as a relation over subsets of a given goal system and should likewise be regarded as relative to the set of alternatives that the agent faces. Coherence is given a probabilistic interpretation, based on a support relation over subsets of goal systems.

Keyword
goal systems, goal conflict, coherence
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-19416 (URN)10.1007/s11225-008-9117-6 (DOI)2-s2.0-46349102088 (Scopus ID)
Note
QC 20100806Available from: 2010-08-06 Created: 2010-08-06 Last updated: 2010-08-06Bibliographically approved
5. Deontic paradoxes: sources and solution
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Deontic paradoxes: sources and solution
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-19417 (URN)
Note
QC 20100806Available from: 2010-08-06 Created: 2010-08-06 Last updated: 2010-08-06Bibliographically approved

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