A single polarized triangular grid tapered-slot array antenna
2009 (English)In: IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, ISSN 0018-926X, E-ISSN 0096-1973, Vol. 57, no 9, 2599-2607 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A triangular grid single polarized tapered-slot array antenna for radar applications is studied. Compared with a rectangular grid an equilateral triangular grid allows a larger unit cell without any onset of grating lobes. Since single polarized tapered-slots in triangular grids support guided modes, which cause scan blindness, the increase in unit cell size is smaller than the optimal 15%. The design presented in the paper is capable of scan angles out to 60° from broadside in the E and H planes. To improve the match over the radar band a local minimum in the active reflection coefficient is positioned at the most critical scan direction, resulting in a reflection coefficient that is less than -12 dB in the X-band. To reduce the radar cross section for the cross-polarization an absorbing layer is positioned above the ground plane, which affects some of the guided modes that lead to scan blindnesses. An experimental antenna with 16×16 elements was built, and it was found that the H-plane performance for large scan angles for the finite antenna deviates more than expected from the infinite array approximation. Otherwise both mutual coupling measurements and embedded element patterns agrees well with the numerical results.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 57, no 9, 2599-2607 p.
Broadband antennas; phased arrays; scan blindness; tapered-slot; triangular grid; Vivaldi antennas
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-10222DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2009.2027044ISI: 000269513300010ScopusID: 2-s2.0-70349257599OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-10222DiVA: diva2:211535
QC 201507272009-04-162009-04-162015-07-27Bibliographically approved