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Spatial Augmented Reality on Industrial CNC-Machines
KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2578-3403
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4288-2190
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering.
2008 (English)In: SPIE 2008 Electronic Imaging, Vol. 6804: The Engineering Reality of Virtual Reality 2008, 2008, 680409- p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this work we present how Augmented Reality (AR) can be used to create an intimate integration of process data with the workspace of an industrial CNC (computer numerical control) machine. AR allows us to combine interactive computer graphics with real objects in a physical environment - in this case, the workspace of an industrial lathe. ASTOR is an autostereoscopic optical see-through spatial AR system, which provides real-time 3D visual feedback without the need for user-worn equipment, such as head-mounted displays or sensors for tracking. The use of a transparent holographic optical element, overlaid onto the safety glass, allows the system to simultaneously provide bright imagery and clear visibility of the tool and workpiece. The system makes it possible to enhance visibility of occluded tools as well as to visualize real-time data from the process in the 3D space. The graphics are geometrically registered with the workspace and provide an intuitive representation of the process, amplifying the user's understanding and simplifying machine operation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. 680409- p.
Keyword [en]
ASTOR; Augmented reality; Autostereoscopic display; CNC; Holographic optical element; Mixed reality; Optical see-through; Spatial augmented reality
National Category
Computer Science Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-10460DOI: 10.1117/12.760960ISI: 000255679500007ScopusID: 2-s2.0-40749160865OAI: diva2:217814
QC 20100804Available from: 2009-05-15 Created: 2009-05-15 Last updated: 2010-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Unobtrusive Augmentation  of Physical Environments: Interaction Techniques, Spatial Displays and Ubiquitous Sensing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unobtrusive Augmentation  of Physical Environments: Interaction Techniques, Spatial Displays and Ubiquitous Sensing
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The fundamental idea of Augmented Reality (AR) is to improve and enhance our perception of the surroundings, through the use of sensing, computing and display systems that make it possible to augment the physical environment with virtual computer graphics. AR is, however, often associated with user-worn equipment, whose current complexity and lack of comfort limit its applicability in many scenarios.

The goal of this work has been to develop systems and techniques for uncomplicated AR experiences that support sporadic and spontaneous interaction with minimal preparation on the user’s part.

This dissertation defines a new concept, Unobtrusive AR, which emphasizes an optically direct view of a visually unaltered physical environment, the avoidance of user-worn technology, and the preference for unencumbering techniques.

The first part of the work focuses on the design and development of two new AR display systems. They illustrate how AR experiences can be achieved through transparent see-through displays that are positioned in front of the physical environment to be augmented. The second part presents two novel sensing techniques for AR, which employ an instrumented surface for unobtrusive tracking of active and passive objects. These techniques have no visible sensing technology or markers, and are suitable for deployment in scenarios where it is important to maintain the visual qualities of the real environment. The third part of the work discusses a set of new interaction techniques for spatially aware handheld displays, public 3D displays, touch screens, and immaterial displays (which are not constrained by solid surfaces or enclosures). Many of the techniques are also applicable to human-computer interaction in general, as indicated by the accompanying qualitative and quantitative insights from user evaluations.

The thesis contributes a set of novel display systems, sensing technologies, and interaction techniques to the field of human-computer interaction, and brings new perspectives to the enhancement of real environments through computer graphics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2009. xii, 72 p.
TRITA-CSC-A, ISSN 1653-5723 ; 2009:09
National Category
Computer Science
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-10439 (URN)978-91-7415-339-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-06-05, E1, Lindstedtsvägen 3, KTH, 13:00 (English)

QC 20100805

Available from: 2009-05-26 Created: 2009-05-14 Last updated: 2015-01-30Bibliographically approved

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Olwal, AlexGustafsson, JonnyLindfors, Christoffer
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