Molecular modelling - understanding and prediction of enzyme selectivity.
2009 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Molecular modelling strategies for evaluation of enzyme selectivity wereinvestigated with a focus on principles of how molecular interactionscould be evaluated to provide information about selectivity. Althoughmolecular modelling provides tools for evaluation of geometrical andenergy features of molecular systems, no general strategies for evaluationof enzyme selectivity exist. Geometrical analyses can be based uponinspection and reasoning about molecular interactions, which provide aneasily accessible way to gain information, but suffer from the risk of biasput in by the modeller. They can also be based on geometrical features ofmolecular interactions such as bond lengths and hydrogen-bond formation.Energy analyses are appealing for their modeller independenceand for the possibility to predict not only stereopreference, but also itsmagnitude.In this thesis, four examples of enantio- or regioselective serinehydrolase-catalysed reaction systems are presented together with developedmodelling protocols for explanation, prediction or enhancement ofselectivity. Geometrical as well as energy-based methodology were used,and provided an understanding of the structural basis of enzymeselectivity. In total, the protocols were successful in making qualitative explanationsand predictions of stereoselectivity, although quantitative determinationswere not achieved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2009. , 27 p.
Trita-BIO-Report, ISSN 1654-2312 ; 2009:11
molecular modelling; regioselectivity; enantioselectivity; molecular dynamics; serine hydrolase; stereospecificity
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-10532ISBN: 978-91-7415-325-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-10532DiVA: diva2:218880
Hult, Karl, Professor
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