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Philosophical and empirical investigations in nanoethics
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology.
2009 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2009. , vi, 13 p.
Series
Theses in philosophy from the Royal Institute of Technology, ISSN 1650-8831 ; 32
National Category
Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-10543ISBN: 978-91-7415-250-0 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-10543DiVA: diva2:218952
Presentation
2009-05-18, Seminarierummet, Avd för filosofi, KTH, Teknikringen 78B, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20170118

Available from: 2009-05-25 Created: 2009-05-25 Last updated: 2017-01-18Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. But is it unique to nanotechnology?: Reframing nanoethics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>But is it unique to nanotechnology?: Reframing nanoethics
2008 (English)In: Science and Engineering Ethics, ISSN 1353-3452, E-ISSN 1471-5546, Vol. 14, no 3, 391-403 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Attempts have been made to establish nanoethics as a new sub-discipline of applied ethics. The nature of this sub-discipline is discussed and some issues that should be subsumed under nanoethics are proposed. A distinction is made between those issue that may ensue once nanotechnology applications become available and procedural issues that should be integrated into the decision structure of the development. A second distinction relates to the central value of the ethical issue. The conditions for the ethical debate differ depending on whether the value(s) in question is internal to the technological development (i.e. health and safety) or external to it (i.e. privacy, equity etc).

Keyword
nanotechnology, applied ethics, novelty, risk assessment, public involvement
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-25193 (URN)10.1007/s11948-008-9052-y (DOI)000258577800010 ()18266081 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-49749122699 (Scopus ID)
Note
QC 20101012Available from: 2010-10-12 Created: 2010-10-12 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
2. European public advice on nanobiotechnology - Four convergence seminars
Open this publication in new window or tab >>European public advice on nanobiotechnology - Four convergence seminars
2009 (English)In: NanoEthics, ISSN 1871-4757, Vol. 3, no 1, 43-59 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In order to explore public views on nanobiotechnology (NBT), convergence seminars were held in four places in Europe; namely in Visby (Sweden), Sheffield (UK), Lublin (Poland), and Porto (Portugal). A convergence seminar is a new form of public participatory activity that can be used to deal systematically with the uncertainty associated for instance with the development of an emerging technology like nanobiotechnology. In its first phase, the participants are divided into three "scenario groups" that discuss different future scenarios. In the second phase, the participants are regrouped into three "convergence groups", each of which contains representatives from each of the three groups from the first phase. In the final third phase, all participants meet for a summary discussion. This pilot project had two aims: (1) to develop and assess the new methodology and (2) to gather advice and recommendations from the public that may be useful for future decisions on nanobiotechnology (NBT). Participants emphasized that they wanted the technology to focus on solutions to environmental and medical problems and to meet the needs of developing countries. The need for further public participation and deliberation on NBT issues seemed to be acknowledged by all participants. Many of them also raised equality concerns. Views on the means by which NBT should be steered into socially useful directions were more divided. In particular, different views were expressed on how much regulation of company activities is needed to curb unwanted developments. The participants' responses in a questionnaire indicate that the methodology of the convergence seminars was successful for decision-making under uncertainty. In particular, the participants stated that their advice was influenced both by access to different possible future developments and by the points of view of their co-participants, which is what the method is specifically intended to achieve.

Keyword
Convergence seminars, Ethics, Future studies, Hypothetical retrospection, Nanobiotechnology, Nanotechnology, Public participation, Technology assessment
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-25196 (URN)10.1007/s11569-009-0054-2 (DOI)2-s2.0-64249102083 (Scopus ID)
Note
QC 20101012Available from: 2010-10-12 Created: 2010-10-12 Last updated: 2012-03-02Bibliographically approved
3. Assessing socially disruptive technological change
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing socially disruptive technological change
Show others...
2010 (English)In: Technology in society, ISSN 0160-791X, E-ISSN 1879-3274, Vol. 32, no 3, 209-218 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The co-evolution of society and potentially disruptive technologies makes decision guidance on such technologies difficult. Four basic principles are proposed for such decision guidance. None of the currently available methods satisfies these principles, but some of them contain useful methodological elements that should be integrated in a more satisfactory methodology. The outlines of such a methodology, multiple expertise interaction, are proposed. It combines elements from several previous methodologies, including (1) interdisciplinary groups of experts that assess the potential internal development of a particular technology; (2) external scenarios describing how the surrounding world can develop in ways that are relevant for the technology in question; and (3) a participatory process of convergence seminars, which is tailored to ensure that several alternative future developments are taken seriously into account. In particular, we suggest further development of a bottom-up scenario methodology to capture the co-evolutionary character of socio-technical development paths.

Keyword
Co-evolution, Convergence seminars, Critical functions of society, Decision guidance, Disruptive technologies, Multiple expertise interaction, Scenario planning, Technical artifact, Technology assessment
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-25198 (URN)10.1016/j.techsoc.2010.07.002 (DOI)2-s2.0-77956925681 (Scopus ID)
Note
QC 20101012Available from: 2010-10-12 Created: 2010-10-12 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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