DNS and LES of estimation and control of transition in boundary layers subject to free-stream turbulence
2008 (English)In: International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, ISSN 0142-727X, E-ISSN 1879-2278, Vol. 29, no 3, 841-855 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Transition to turbulence occurring in a flat-plate boundary-layer flow subjected to high levels of free-stream turbulence is considered. This scenario, denoted bypass transition, is characterised by the non-modal growth of streamwise elongated disturbances. These so-called streaks are regions of positive and negative streamwise velocity alternating in the spanwise direction inside the boundary layer. When they reach large enough amplitudes, breakdown into turbulent spots occurs via their secondary instability. In this work, the bypass-transition process is simulated using direct numerical simulations (DNS) and large-eddy simulations (LES). The ADM-RT subgrid-scale model turned out to be particularly suited for transitional flows after a thorough validation. Linear feedback control is applied in order to reduce the perturbation energy and consequently delay transition. This case represents therefore an extension of the linear approach (Chevalier, M., Hoepffner, J., Åkervik, E., Henningson, D.S., 2007a. Linear feedback control and estimation applied to instabilities in spatially developing boundary layers. J. Fluid Mech. 588, 163-187, 167-187.) to flows characterised by strong nonlinearities. Control is applied by blowing and suction at the wall and it is both based on the full knowledge of the instantaneous velocity field (i.e. full information control) and on the velocity field estimated from wall measurements. The results show that the control is able to delay the growth of the streaks in the region where it is active, which implies a delay of the whole transition process. The flow field can be estimated from wall measurements alone: The structures occurring in the "real" flow are reproduced correctly in the region where the measurements are taken. Downstream of this region the estimated field gradually diverges from the "real" flow, revealing the importance of the continuous excitation of the boundary layer by the external free-stream turbulence. Control based on estimation, termed compensator, is therefore less effective than full information control.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 29, no 3, 841-855 p.
Boundary layer, Bypass transition, Direct numerical simulation (DNS), Large-eddy simulation (LES), Optimal control, State estimation
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-10645DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2008.03.009ISI: 000257133300026ScopusID: 2-s2.0-43949103375OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-10645DiVA: diva2:222636
The Fifth International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena (TSFP5). München, Germany. 27-29 August 2007
QC 201010202009-06-092009-06-092012-05-16Bibliographically approved