Deformability of unidirectional prepreg materials
2009 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
To reduce cost of structural composites the development of more efficient manufacturing methods is of great interest. Sheet forming of thermoset prepreg, also known as hot drape forming, has been a promising manufacturing method for decades. An automatic tape layer (ATL) can be used to perform the lay-up in an efficient way. The flatly stacked unidirectional prepreg forms a sheet to be formed over a given mould. Knowledge about the materials forming behaviour is important to reach the required shape without flaws, such as wrinkles.
An experimental approach is developed to investigate the intra- (within the layer) and interply deformation. The intraply deformation properties are registered by the use of a bias-extension test and a digital image correlation (DIC) equipment. To measure the interlaminar (between the layers) friction in the prepreg/prepreg interface a specialized rig is designed and built.
The two tested materials are Cycom® HTA/977-2 from Cytec and HexPly® T700/M21 from Hexel, which are examples of the second and third generation of carbon fibre/epoxy prepreg. Where M21 includes craze stoppers in form of thermoplastic particles, the 977-2 has the same function but in melted stage. These particles seem to influence both the intraply deformation modes and increase the level of friction between layers.
The results from the bias-extension test was compared with the theory of pin-jointed net (PJN) and it was found that M21 behaves accordingly. The measured rotation for 977-2 is less than the theoretical, this due to slippage. The rate of deformation seems to have an influence not only on the load level, but also in the mode of deformation. Both for the interlaminar and intraply deformation the resistance to motion were much larger for M21 than 977-2.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2009. , 25 p.
Trita-AVE, ISSN 1651-7660 ; 2009:32
prepreg, deformability, carbon composite
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-10681OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-10681DiVA: diva2:224958
2009-06-12, H1, Teknikringen 33, KTH, Stockholm, 13:15 (Swedish)
Fernberg, Patrik, Tek dr
ProjectsKEKS (kostnadseffektiva kompositer)
List of papers