Hybrid Mesoscopic-Microscopic Traffic Simulation
2005 (English)In: Transportation Research Record, ISSN 0361-1981, Vol. 1934, 218-225 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Traffic simulation is an important tool for modeling the operations of dynamic traffic systems. Although microscopic simulation models provide a detailed representation of the traffic process, macroscopic and mesoscopic models capture the traffic dynamics of large networks in less detail but without the problems of application and calibration of microscopic models. This paper presents a hybrid mesoscopic-microscopic model that applies microscopic simulation to areas of specific interest while simulating a large surrounding network in less detail with a mesoscopic model. The requirements that are important for a hybrid model to be consistent across the models at different levels of detail are identified. These requirements vary from the network and route choice consistency to the consistency of the traffic dynamics at the boundaries of the microscopic and mesoscopic submodels. An integration framework that satisfies these requirements is proposed. A prototype hybrid model is used to demonstrate the application of the integration framework and the solution of the various integration issues. The hybrid model integrates MlTSIMLab, a microscopic traffic simulation model, and Mezzo, a newly developed mesoscopic model. The hybrid model is applied in two case studies. The results are promising and support both the proposed architecture and the importance of integrating microscopic and mesoscopic models.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 1934, 218-225 p.
Europe, Sweden, Case study, Requirement, Hybrid model, Calibration, Simulation model, Microscopic model, Modeling, Traffic flow, Road traffic
Computer and Information Science Civil Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-10883DOI: 10.3141/1934-23ISI: 000236507700023ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33645783950OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-10883DiVA: diva2:228380
QC 201102182009-07-302009-07-302011-02-18Bibliographically approved