This study examines the attitudes of Swedish politicians, scientists, NGOs and industry regarding CO2capture and storage (CCS), i.e. actors who possess knowledge about CCS today and will influence thepublic opinion of tomorrow. The study is unique since the phenomenological approach is seldom seenin this specific context. The empirical data is gathered through interviews and is structured andanalyzed in respect to expressed basic assumptions, systems view and a theoretical frameworkstemming from history of technology. From data, different ideal types are constructed - the CCSopponent, the CCS pragmatic and the CCS supporter. Results show a lot of skepticism and evenopposition to the technology among NGOs and politicians, while industry and scientists generally areproponents. The large group of pragmatics is especially interesting since it is presumed to take a standin the foreseeable future.Over time the energy politics in Sweden has been subject to intense controversies. Betweenthe 1960s and 1980s hydropower and nuclear power were heavily debated. With arguments stemmingfrom environmental protection the public opinion, represented by a wide array of strongorganizations, restricted the expansion of those power sources far below the originally plannedcapacity. Now this new technology, CCS, is about to enter the Swedish debate. It is a controversialtechnology with similar characteristics compared to its precedents regarding e.g. large-scale, risk, andlong-term storage, i.e. characteristics that led to the referendum deciding a nuclear power phase out.Unless a careful approach to implementing the technology, could CCS also be phased outprematurely? Will history repeat itself?The results should be seen from a Swedish point of view since Sweden has vast bio-fuel andhydropower resources, which together with an extensive amount of nuclear power makes CO2emissions per capita and GDP low, and the opposition against fossil fuels high.
2005. 1-16 p.