Multicomponent and multiphase modeling and simulation of reactive wetting
2008 (English)In: Physical Review E. Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics: Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics, ISSN 1063-651X, E-ISSN 1095-3787, Vol. 77, no 5, 056313- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A multicomponent and multiphase model with fluid motion is developed. The model is used to study reactive wetting in the case where concentration change of the spreading liquid and the substrate occurs. With the introduction of a Gibbs energy functional, the governing equations are derived, consisting of convective concentration and phase-field equations which are coupled to the Navier-Stokes equations with surface tension forces. The solid substrate is modeled hydrodynamically with a very high viscosity. Arbitrary phase diagrams, surface energies, and typical dimensionless numbers are some input parameters into the model. An axisymmetric model with an adaptive finite element method is utilized. Numerical simulations were done revealing two stages in the wetting process. First, the convection-dominated stage where rapid spreading occurs. The dynamics of the wetting is found to match with a known hydrodynamic theory for spreading liquids. Second, the diffusion-dominated stage where we observed depression of the substrate-liquid interface and elevation of the contact line region.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 77, no 5, 056313- p.
Finite element method; Flow patterns; Flow simulation; Gibbs free energy; Multiphase flow; Navier Stokes equations; Governing equations; Multiphase modeling; Phase-field equations; Reactive wetting; Fluid dynamics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-11085DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.77.056313ISI: 000256885500050ScopusID: 2-s2.0-44649192678OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-11085DiVA: diva2:235445
QC 201006222009-09-162009-09-162016-04-20Bibliographically approved