Interactions between Chitosan and SDS at a Low-Charged Silica Substrate Compared to Interactions in the Bulk: The Effect of Ionic Strength
2008 (English)In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 24, no 8, 3814-3827 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The effect of ionic strength on association between the cationic polysaccharide chitosan and the anionic surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate, SDS, has been studied in bulk solution and at the solid/liquid interface. Bulk association was probed by turbidity, clectrophoretic mobility, and surface tension measurements. The critical aggregation concentration, cac, and the saturation binding of surfactants were estimated from surface tension data. The number of associated SDS molecules per chitosan segment exceeded one at both salt concentrations. As a result, a net charge reversal of the polymer-surfactant complexes was observed, between 1.0 and 1.5 mM SDS, independent of ionic strength. Phase separation occurs in the SDS concentration region where low charge density complexes form, whereas at high surfactant concentrations (up to several multiples of cmc SDS) soluble aggregates are formed. Ellipsometry and QCM-D were employed to follow adsorption of chitosan onto low-charged silica substrates, and the interactions between SDS and preadsorbed chitosan layers. A thin (0.5 nm) and rigid chitosan layer was formed when adsorbed from a 0.1 mM NaNO3 solution, whereas thicker (2 nm) chitosan layers with higher dissipation/unit mass were formed from solutions at and above 30 mM NaNO3. The fraction of solvent in the chitosan layers was high independent of the layer thickness and rigidity and ionic strength. In 30 mM NaNO3 Solution, addition of SDS induced a collapse at low concentrations, while at higher SDS concentrations the viscoelastic character of the layer was recovered. Maximum adsorbed mass (chitosan + SDS) was reached at 0.8 times the cmc of SDS, after which surfactant-induced polymer desorption occurred. In 0.1 mM NaNO3. the initial collapse was negligible and further addition of surfactant lead to the formation of a nonrigid, viscoelastic polymer layer until desorption began above a surfactant concentration of 0.4 times the cmc of SDS.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 24, no 8, 3814-3827 p.
sodium dodecyl-sulfate; quartz-crystal microbalance; solid-liquid interface; air-water-interface; x-ray-scattering; anionic surfactant; cationic polyelectrolyte; viscoelastic properties; electrolyte-solutions; air/water interface
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-11138DOI: 10.1021/la702653mISI: 000254647400020ScopusID: 2-s2.0-42449149169OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-11138DiVA: diva2:236334
QC 201007292009-09-222009-09-222010-08-09Bibliographically approved