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When are Partnerships a Viable Tool for Development?: Institutions and Partnerships for Water and Sanitation Service in Latin America
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering, Water Management.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering, Water Management.
2009 (English)In: Water resources management, ISSN 0920-4741, E-ISSN 1573-1650, Vol. 23, no 1, 19-38 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Partnerships are increasingly becoming unpopular in Latin America, they have narrowly been analysed in the context of the international political agenda and criticized for bringing benefits only to the private sector and not to the public sector and society at large. Nevertheless, there are successful experiences for providing water and sanitation at local level. The questions are: Are local level successful experiences the product of a partnership? Was it necessary to build partnerships to add value to the community presence and informal actors? What are the advantages of partnerships at local and national scale? The case studies presented demonstrate that actors need to have an incentive to work together and to build trust. The context in which they operate is also relevant, and in Latin America it is needed a strong national legal institutional framework if partnerships or any agreement should be an alternative to public delivery of water and sanitation. This paper analyses the context in which water and sanitation is delivered in peri-urban areas based on case studies, identified actions for effective provision and on discussion of the institutional framework options and partnership implementation at local and national level. This paper does not advocate partnerships per se; nor are these seen as the problem.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 23, no 1, 19-38 p.
Keyword [en]
Partnerships for water and sanitation, Water Institutions, Local and national water governance, Public-private partnerships (PPP), Public-public partnerships (PUP), Output-based approach (OBA)
National Category
Water Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9135DOI: 10.1007/s11269-008-9262-8ISI: 000261960200002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-58149195461OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-9135DiVA: diva2:25212
Note
QC 20100903Available from: 2008-09-23 Created: 2008-09-23 Last updated: 2010-09-03Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Water Governance: Policy, Politics and Regulation in Honduras
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Water Governance: Policy, Politics and Regulation in Honduras
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Water governance exerts an impact on the socio-politic life of Honduras. For instance, the new legal framework changes institutions. New water organisations are created, and new processes and proceedings are proposed. These times when strategies from developed countries are transferred to developing countries, such as water governance, the need for an evaluation is desirable to disentangle the problems and to look forward at opportunities and find alternatives.

The journey from government to governance describes the change from the traditional government behaviour towards new governance. In countries like Honduras, as in developing countries, this change describes a complex process in which the imported strategies are conflicting with existing established socio-political patterns. The new water management approach as applied in Honduras needs to take into account the socio-political reality and the availability of resources, if the water governance process would gain relevance. Honduras is a relatively new democratic country after many years of military regime, thus the government needs also to be part of the governance process.

This doctoral thesis studies and highlights the characteristics of the traditional Honduran government approach, and the effects that the new governance approach has posed in the country. The difficulties emerging from this shift of approaches are discussed, and explored. The research finds support in the exploration of Honduran political and institutional sociological history to elaborate the causes and motives for current governmental attitudes. The research relates to concepts of development strategies, institutionalism and regulation modes.

This thesis argues that governance has achieved a pseudo empirical implementation in Honduras, and that new mechanisms need to be devised to balance the suggested governance mode using new notions of regulatory space, and the theoretical meta-governance approach, in order to balance between the imported measures and the reality. New governance theoretical notions are exposed to encourage and explore new alternatives for the water governance in the Honduras context. It is necessary to realise that institutional changes occur in a long-term adjustment period in order to build trust among actors and water authorities. Moreover, this thesis deems it pertinent that the government as the voter-elected entity should take the decisive lead of the governance approach.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2008. xii, 72 p.
Series
Trita-LWR. PHD, ISSN 1650-8602 ; 1045
Keyword
Water Governance, Honduras, Institutions, Policy, Politics, Regulatory Governance, Regulatory State
National Category
Water Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4868 (URN)978-91-7415-103-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-09-23, KTHB- Libray. Salongen, Osquars Backe 31, KTH Library, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100903Available from: 2008-09-23 Created: 2008-09-06 Last updated: 2010-09-03Bibliographically approved

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