Numerical studies of curved stationary flames in wide tubes
2003 (English)In: Combustion theory and modelling, ISSN 1364-7830, E-ISSN 1741-3559, Vol. 7, no 4, 653-676 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The nonlinear problem of the propagation of curved stationary flames in tubes of different widths is studied by means of direct numerical simulation of the complete system of hydrodynamic equations including thermal conduction, viscosity, fuel diffusion and chemical kinetics. While only a planar flame can propagate in a narrow tube of width smaller than half of the cut-off wavelength determined by the linear theory of the hydrodynamic instability of a flame front, in wider tubes stationary curved flames propagate with velocities considerably larger than the corresponding velocity of a planar flame. It is shown that only simple 'single-hump' slanted stationary flames are possible in wide tubes, and 'multi-hump' flames are possible in wide tubes only as a nonstationary mode of flame propagation. The stability limits of curved stationary flames in wider tubes and the secondary Landau-Darrieus instability are investigated. The dependence of the velocity of the stationary flame on the tube width is studied. The analytical theory describes the flame reasonably well when the tube width does not exceed some critical value. The dynamics of the flame in wider tubes is shown to be governed by a large-scale stability mechanism resulting in a highly slanted flame front. In wide tubes, the skirt of the slanted flame remains smooth with the length of the skirt and the flame velocity increasing progressively with the increase of the tube width above the second critical value. Results of the analytical theory and numerical simulations are discussed and compared with the experimental data for laminar flames in wide tubes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 7, no 4, 653-676 p.
Computer simulation, Diffusion, Hydrodynamics, Nonlinear systems, Problem solving, Reaction kinetics, Thermal conductivity, Tubes (components), Viscosity, Curved stationary flames
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9144DOI: 10.1088/1364-7830/7/4/004ISI: 000188292300004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-9144DiVA: diva2:25274
QC 201009152008-09-242008-09-242010-09-15Bibliographically approved