Dark matter in and around stars
2009 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
There is by now compelling evidence that most of the matter in the universe is in the form of dark matter, a form of matter quite different from the matter we experience in every day life. The gravitational effects of this dark matter have been observed in many different ways but its true nature is still unknown. In most models dark matter particles can annihilate with each other into standard model particles. The direct or indirect observation of such annihilation products could give important clues for the dark matter puzzle. For signals from dark matter annihilations to be detectable, typically high dark matter densities are required. Massive objects, such as stars, can increase the local dark matter density both via scattering off nucleons and by pulling in dark matter gravitationally as the star forms. Dark matter annihilations outside the star would give rise to gamma rays and this is discussed in the first paper. Furthermore dark matter annihilations inside the star would deposit energy inside the star which, if abundant enough, could alter the stellar evolution. Aspects of this are investigated in the second paper. Finally, local dark matter overdensities formed in the early universe could still be around today; prospects of detecting gamma rays from such clumps are discussed in the third paper.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Universitetsservice US AB , 2009. , x, 28 p.
Trita-FYS, ISSN 0280-316X ; 2009:49
Dark matter, early universe
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-11259ISBN: 978-91-7415-430-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-11259DiVA: diva2:271548
2009-10-02, FA32, AlbaNova, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Hansen, Steen, associate professor
Ohlsson, Tommy, professor
Introduktionsdelen till en sammanläggningsavhandling2009-10-132009-10-122010-11-01Bibliographically approved
List of papers