Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Co-designing methods for designing with and for families
KTH, Superseded Departments, Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.
KTH, Superseded Departments, Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.
KTH, Superseded Departments, Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.
2003 (English)In: Proceedings Of 5th European Academy Of Design Conference, Barcelona, 28–30 April 2003, 2003Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper describes co-operative design work regarding the development of IT artefacts to be used for communicating within families. It shows advantages of codesigning together with users. Thereby obtaining ‘real life’ experience, understanding and knowledge about their needs and desires.

Since there was no specific solution or technology in mind from the beginning, several different methods were used in combination to investigate what had meaning to the family members. Some of the methods used are: cultural probes, interviews, observations, workshops, video brainstorming, prototyping in the homes, technology probes and individual assignments.

The researchers represent different academic professions, mainly ethnography, industrial design, interaction design, computer science. To minimize the problem of ‘handing over’ information, researchers from at least two different backgrounds participate in all work done together with the families.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003.
Keyword [en]
Co-operative design, industrial design, families, domestic environment, process, methods, probes, workshops, IT, ethnography
National Category
Computer and Information Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-11256OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-11256DiVA: diva2:271593
Conference
The 5th European Academy Of Design Conference, Barcelona, 28–30 April 2003
Projects
interLiving
Note
QC 20110207Available from: 2009-10-12 Created: 2009-10-12 Last updated: 2011-02-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Design Space Exploration: co-operative creation of proposals for desired interactions with future artefacts
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design Space Exploration: co-operative creation of proposals for desired interactions with future artefacts
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis critically reflects on co-operative design workshops that I have conducted. The basic method used in these workshops draws on the participants’ embodied knowing. In the over twenty workshops that are analysed here a wide range of participants have been involved: family members, employees, persons with disabilities, and other stakeholders like manufacturers, service providers and civil servants. The topics have varied, but they have mostly been related to ICT products and services. Most of the workshops were conducted within various research projects.

In order to analyse this diverse range of workshops I use several different theories and concepts. I articulate and analyse the design aspects of the activities by using established design theories and concepts. The conceptual tool design space, meaning all possible design proposals, is used for understanding the design process. I also use theories from other fields in order to analyse three different aspects of the workshops: the participants’ activities, the designers’ responsibility, and the process. To analyse the way that the participants co-operatively create knowledge, theories of interpersonal actions are used; to analyse the work done by the designer/conductor, theories of frames are used; and to analyse the process, the theory of actualisation and realisation is used.

During the workshops the participants co-operatively make scenarios, props and video prototypes in order to create proposals for desired interactions with future artefacts.

Contributions include accounts of critical situations during the workshops and suggested strategies for dealing with them. Some implications are relevant to the design field in general, for example the importance of a process where the participants trust each other, learn from each other and work effectively with difficult issues by creating multiple proposals that facilitate understanding of the design space. I also offer arguments about why it is better to see activities, props and prototypes as mainly constitutive rather than as only representative.

Video prototypes on DVD and seven publications are included in the thesis.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2009. 141 p.
Series
Trita-CSC-A, ISSN 1653-5723 ; 17
Keyword
Design process, co-operative design, participatory design, prototype, video prototype, attention, industrial design, design space, prop
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-11210 (URN)978-91-7415-445-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-11-06, F6, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Kungliga Tekniska högskolan, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-10-12 Created: 2009-10-05 Last updated: 2012-02-24Bibliographically approved
2. Perspectives on Cooperative Design
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perspectives on Cooperative Design
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

The cooperative design approach, which research and practice have proven to be successful in several ways, is based on understanding users and their contexts through a variety of methods. This approach of working closely together with the users, however, is not the same thing as letting the users decide themselves what to design. Rather it means that designers in an interdisciplinary research team, working in close collaboration with the users, will use their design skills and collected knowledge about the users to produce good designs. Though cooperative design has proven successful, there are ways in which it could be improved.

Cooperative design derived as a result of criticism about the lack of focus on users in the design process. In this sense, cooperative design has been the critical view, whereas socio-cultural perspectives such as gender, values and power relations have been either suppressed, deliberately or not, or not taken into consideration to the full extent that they could be. In contrast, three important elements of cultural studies research are meaning, identity and power. Research in this field examines the relationship between people and context, and between cultural and social practices, as well as on forces that change or preserve power structures. One aim of this thesis is to emphasise the importance of these issues within cooperative design.

The focus of my thesis is to, through a phenomenological approach and a critical view of the different cooperative design projects I have participated in, discuss issues that have either been part of the projects’ structure, or have been imposed on the projects by circumstances that perhaps could not be foreseen. Three main issues that need further investigation to understand how they affect the design process are discussed: language and meaning, the individual in the group-oriented activities of cooperative design, and finally power relations and structures. I use myself as the subject through which the socio-cultural and critical viewpoints are shown. My aim is to show that there are aspects of the individual researcher in the cooperative design process that impact the design space and design.

Through a critical discussion of the projects and related issues, this thesis argues that the cooperative design process can involve data and methods that we do not always know how to handle. As a result, we can miss important aspects of the research or end up in difficult dilemmas. Therefore, we need to better understand on what grounds we make design decisions in the cooperative design process, investigate what effect the individual has in group-oriented design processes, and examine how culture, language and power structures guide us and how we use methods such as triangulation. I believe that researchers need to evaluate our cooperative design process from the outside, with the goal of improving these processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2007. vi, 96 p.
Series
Trita-CSC-A, ISSN 1653-5723 ; 2007:13
Keyword
Cooperative design, design process, culture, individual, intersectionality, power structure, triangulation
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4495 (URN)978-91-7178-757-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2007-10-11, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 23, KTH, Stockholm, 00:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100519Available from: 2007-09-21 Created: 2007-09-21 Last updated: 2012-03-21Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publications, choose ‘The user centred approach’

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Westerlund, BoLindquist, SinnaSundblad, Yngve
By organisation
Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA
Computer and Information Science

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 653 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf