Integrin-mediated cell attachment induces a PAK4-dependent feedback loop regulating cell adhesion through modified integrin alpha v beta 5 clustering and turnover
2010 (English)In: Molecular Biology of the Cell, ISSN 1059-1524, E-ISSN 1939-4586, Vol. 21, no 19, 3317-3329 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Cell-to-extracellular matrix adhesion is regulated by a multitude of pathways initiated distally to the core cell-matrix adhesion machinery, such as via growth factor signaling. In contrast to these extrinsically sourced pathways, we now identify a regulatory pathway that is intrinsic to the core adhesion machinery, providing an internal regulatory feedback loop to fine tune adhesion levels. This autoinhibitory negative feedback loop is initiated by cell adhesion to vitronectin, leading to PAK4 activation, which in turn limits total cell-vitronectin adhesion strength. Specifically, we show that PAK4 is activated by cell attachment to vitronectin as mediated by PAK4 binding partner integrin alpha v beta 5, and that active PAK4 induces accelerated integrin alpha v beta 5 turnover within adhesion complexes. Accelerated integrin turnover is associated with additional PAK4-mediated effects, including inhibited integrin alpha v beta 5 clustering, reduced integrin to F-actin connectivity and perturbed adhesion complex maturation. These specific outcomes are ultimately associated with reduced cell adhesion strength and increased cell motility. We thus demonstrate a novel mechanism deployed by cells to tune cell adhesion levels through the autoinhibitory regulation of integrin adhesion.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 21, no 19, 3317-3329 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-11366DOI: 10.1091/mbc.E10-03-0245ISI: 000282275600004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77958031728OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-11366DiVA: diva2:274725
FunderSwedish Research CouncilKnut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
QC 201007262009-10-302009-10-302012-08-28Bibliographically approved