Seizure and wear rate testing of wheel–rail contacts under lubricated conditions using pin-on-disc methodology
2008 (English)In: Wear, ISSN 0043-1648, E-ISSN 1873-2577, 1425-1430 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
An increased wear rate and a shift of wear mechanism in the wheel-rail contact has been observed in tight curves, mainly due to the change from an almost pure rolling contact to more of a sliding contact. The wheel flange-rail gauge contact is commonly known to experience the toughest conditions of the overall wheel-rail contact in terms of contact pressure and sliding velocity. The wheel flange-rail gauge contact is preferably lubricated to reduce the wear rate and to minimise the risk of transition to severe wear or seizure. The amount and type of lubrication are therefore important parameters if one is to control the wear rate. In this study, a flange contact is experimentally simulated using pin-on-disc testing, to determine the difference in wear rate among a selection of lubricants under different contact conditions. The selection of lubricants consisted of environmentally adapted oils, mineral oils, and greases containing different amounts of EP and AW additives.The results of the pin-on-disc testing indicate that both the amount and type of lubrication applied is decisive for the wear rate and active wear mechanism. Tests have also been performed to simulate either on-board or wayside lubrication, by applying the lubricant at different intervals. A general observation is that under starved lubrication conditions a transition to severe wear is initiated and the wear rate increases rapidly, i.e., all tests indicate that the contact between wheel and rail must be lubricated to avoid high wear rates.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. 1425-1430 p.
rail; wheel; wear rate; environmentally adapted; lubrication
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-11581DOI: 10.1016/j.wear.2008.03.025ISI: 000258891700035ScopusID: 2-s2.0-48049117761OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-11581DiVA: diva2:277822
QC 201007212009-11-202009-11-202011-12-15Bibliographically approved