Exploring Conjugate Addition Activity in Pseudozyma antarctica Lipase B
2009 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Multifunctional enzymes have alternative functions or activities, known as “moonlighting” or “promiscuous”, which are often hidden behind a native enzyme activity and therefore only visible under special environmental conditions. In this thesis, the active-site of Pseudozyma (formerly Candida) antarctica lipase B was explored for a promiscuous conjugate addition activity. Pseudozyma antarctica lipase B is a lipase industrially used for hydrolysis or transacylation reactions. This enzyme contains a catalytic triad, Ser105-His224-Asp187, where a nucleophilic attack from Ser105 on carboxylic acid/ester substrates cause the formation of an acyl enzyme. For conjugate addition activity in Pseudozyma antarctica lipase B, replacement of Ser105 was assumed necessary to prevent competing hemiacetal formation. However, experiments revealed conjugate addition activity in both wild-type enzyme and the Ser105Ala variant. Enzyme-catalyzed conjugate additions were performed by adding sec-amine, thiols or 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds to various α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds in both water or organic solvent. The reactions followed Michaelis-Menten kinetics and the native ping pong bi bi reaction mechanism of Pseudozyma antarctica lipase B for hydrolysis/transacylation was rerouted to a novel ordered bi uni reaction mechanism for conjugate addition (Paper I, II, III). The lipase hydrolysis activity was suppressed more than 1000 times by the replacement of the nucleophilic Ser105 to Ala (Paper III).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2009. , 42 p.
Trita-BIO-Report, ISSN 1654-2312 ; 2009:20
, TRITA-BIO-Report 2009:20, ISSN 1654-2312
Candida antarctica lipase B · conjugate addition · enzyme catalysis · enzyme catalytic promiscuity · molecular modeling
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-11598ISBN: 978-91-7415-435-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-11598DiVA: diva2:278042
2009-10-16, M22, Brinellvägen 64, KTH, 10:00 (English)
Ramström, Olof, Prof.Eriksson Karlström, Amelie, PhD.
Berglund, Per, Prof.
List of papers