Comparison of fibrous insulations: cellulose and stone wool in terms of moisture properties resulting from condensation and ice formation
2010 (English)In: Construction and Building Materials, ISSN 0950-0618, Vol. 24, no 7, 1151-1157 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Cellulose fibres are often used as thermal insulation in buildings. The organic nature of cellulose fibres, however, makes the insulation sensitive to high moisture content. This study investigates the moisture performance of cellulose insulation when exposed to a subzero environment. The paper is focused on the condensation and freezing in the material and includes comparison with the authors previous studies on stone-wool insulation. While the used stone-wool samples were water repellent due to resin binders,cellulose is a typical representative for hydrophilic thermal insulation to which anycontact with water condensate can be crucial.
Test specimens of loose-fill cellulose were placed in a special laboratory device providing high moisture load. During a period of 100 hours the specimens were subjected to a continuous load of moisture at atmospheric conditions on one side while the other side of the specimen faced a surrounding temperature of 0, -10 and -20°C and the laboratory tests were repeated three times for each set of the specific thermal conditions(Ti=+20°C, Te=0, -10 and -20°C). The results indicate that there are minor changes inthe water vapour permeability of the specimens. The experimental data from the investigation is compared with a mathematical model that simulates moisture diffusivityof cellulose together with accumulation due to sorption and freezing, using the actual climatic data.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 24, no 7, 1151-1157 p.
Cellulose, Stone wool, Material properties, Frost formation, Condensation, Moisture transport, μ-value, Sorption curves
Materials Engineering Building Technologies
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-11681DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2009.12.026ISI: 000278039400008ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77950459709OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-11681DiVA: diva2:279249
QC 201008182009-12-022009-12-022011-11-06Bibliographically approved