Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Initial Atmospheric Corrosion of Zinc Exposed to Formic Acid, Investigated by in Situ Vibrational Sum Frequency Spectroscopy and Density Functional Theory Calculations
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2100-8864
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Corrosion Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9453-1333
2008 (English)In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 113, 2088-2095 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Vibrational sum frequency spectroscopy (VSFS) and ab initio density functional theory (DFT) calculations of formic acid on ZnO/Zn have been performed in order to understand the first step of atmospheric corrosion on zinc initiated by formic acid. In addition, infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (IRAS) has been employed to complement the surface sensitive VSFS results to identify the corrosion products. Oxidized polycrystalline zinc samples were exposed to 120 ppb formic acid in either humid or dry Air where, the formic acid adsorption on ZnO/Zn is observed to have a low dependence on the humidity, as deduced by VSFS. Formate is formed on the surface in both dry and humid air and stabilized in configuration after about 90 min exposure in 120 ppb formic acid as seen in the VSFS results. This is evidenced by the occurrence of the CH and symmetric COO- vibrations of the formate ion. The DFT calculations support the VSFS results, showing a coordination of the formate to zinc ions without participation from water molecules.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 113, 2088-2095 p.
Keyword [en]
reflection-absorption spectroscopy; liquid-gas interface; acetic-acid; organic-constituents; sfg spectroscopy; ni(110) surface; water mixtures; sulfur-dioxide; film growth; metal
National Category
Chemical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-11724DOI: 10.1021/jp805582hISI: 000263134700009ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84962469268OAI: diva2:280061
QC 20100719Available from: 2009-12-08 Created: 2009-12-08 Last updated: 2010-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. A Molecular view of inital Atmospheric Corrosion: In situ surface studies of zinc based on vibrational spectroscopy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Molecular view of inital Atmospheric Corrosion: In situ surface studies of zinc based on vibrational spectroscopy
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Atmospheric corrosion takes place on most metals as they interact with thesurrounding environment. A degradation of the metal is the common result,which often leads to a shortened lifespan of the material. Hence, knowledge onthe fundamental interaction between a gas containing corrosive constituentsand a metal surface, which is the starting point of atmospheric corrosion, isimportant in many contexts. As the nature of atmospheric corrosion is inherentlycomplex, it imposes demands on the analytical studies that are neededin order to understand the fundamentals on a molecular level. Consequently,in-situ vibrational techniques, providing molecular information, have beenutilized in this work to study atmospheric corrosion by targeting the initialstages of the interaction between corrosive air and a metal surface. The initialstages (from minutes until days of exposure) were studied as these havea large influence on the atmospheric corrosion for prolonged exposure times.

More specifically, the interaction between humidified air to which organicacids were added, and zinc was targeted in order to address a situation inindoor atmospheric corrosion, where organic acids are of importance. Zinc isa constituent in e.g. brass, which is an alloy used in many indoor applications.

A systematic investigation utilizing complementary acting vibrational techniquesthus enabled detailed information on the mechanisms of the onsetof atmospheric corrosion of zinc induced by acetic and formic acid. Corrosionproducts of both two dimensional and three dimensional character couldbe separately studied by combining VSFS (interface sensitive), IRAS (nearsurfacesensitive), and CRM (bulk sensitive).

The Zn surface was found to be heterogeneous with different hydroxylgroups present on the surface. As this surface was exposed to formic or aceticacid, the OH groups on the surface were rapidly displaced in a ligand exchangewith formate or acetate. These ligands, organised in two dimensionalstructures, promoted corrosion by weakening the bonds of the Zn atoms totheir surrounding matrix.

The subsequent growth of three dimensional corrosion products, Zn hydroxyacetate and formate, observed within short exposure times of Zn exposedto acetic and formic acid, was found to be electrochemical in nature.Cathodic areas consisting of more crystalline ZnO were observed. The potentialdifference between these more noble areas on the surface and those of lessnoble character created an electrochemical cell, initiating release of Zn ionsinto the aqueous adlayer in the anodic reactions. These Zn ions precipitatedas localised corrosion products. The cathodic areas increased the local pHon the surface, thereby promoting precipitation in their vicinity. The resultson initial stages of this type of corrosion were found to have similarities withprevious field studies of Zn exposed to real indoor environments.

One way to decrease the corrosion rate of zinc is by adsorbing a corrosioninhibitor to the metal surface in order to protect it. As a model for sucha corrosion inhibitor, octadecanethiol (CH3(CH2)17SH) was seen to provideincreased corrosion protection of both reduced and oxidised Zn substrates byforming an adsorbed surface layer with an ordered structure.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2009. xi, 71 p.
, TRITA CHE Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2009:60
Atmospheric corrosion, zinc, vibrational spectroscopy, formic acid, acetic acid
National Category
Materials Engineering
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-11729 (URN)978-91-7415-499-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-12-11, F3, Lindstdtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
QC 20100719Available from: 2009-12-08 Created: 2009-12-08 Last updated: 2010-07-19Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Hedberg, JonasLeygraf, Christofer
By organisation
Surface and Corrosion ScienceCorrosion Science
In the same journal
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Chemical Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 65 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link