A concept for miniaturized 3-D cell culture using an extracellular matrix gel
2005 (English)In: Electrophoresis, ISSN 0173-0835, E-ISSN 1522-2683, Vol. 26, no 24, 4751-4758 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This paper presents a novel method to embed, anchor, and cultivate cells in a controlled 3-D flow-through microenvironment. This is realized using an etched silicon pillar flow chamber filled with extracellular matrix (ECM) gel mixed with cells. At 4 degrees C, while in liquid form, ECM gel is mixed with cells and injected into the chamber. Raising the temperature to 37 degrees C results in a gel, with cells embedded. The silicon pillars both stabilize and increase the surface to volume ratio of the gel. During polymerization the gel shrinks, thus creating channels, which enables perfusion through the chip. The pillars increase the mechanical stability of the gel permitting high surface flow rates without surface modifications. Within the structure cells were still viable and proliferating after 6 days of cultivation. Our method thus makes it possible to perform medium- to long-term cultivation of cells in a controlled 3-D environment. This concept opens possibilities to perform studies of cells in a more physiological environment compared to traditional 2-D cultures on flat substrates.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 26, no 24, 4751-4758 p.
embedded cells; extracellular matrix; microfluidics; three-dimensional cell culture
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-11814DOI: 10.1002/elps.200500478ISI: 000234466300020ScopusID: 2-s2.0-29644447617OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-11814DiVA: diva2:283449
QC 201007232009-12-282009-12-282010-11-19Bibliographically approved