Lightning interaction with the swedish railway network
2007 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
In the beginning, the design of signal and control network of railways in early times was not always done in accordance with the strict rules of Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC). This created problems due to Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) when old electro-mechanical signalling, control and communication systems were replaced by modern sensitive electronic circuits. Modern developments in the railway systems have made the system more vulnerable to lightning transients, a natural source of EMI, because the overall network is not designed to reduce the lightning surges to the low levels tolerable to the electronic systems widely being introduced in the railway system. Railway networks are extensive and modernization of signal/control/communication systems is carried out only in stages at different times, it is not unusual to find transient related problems in a section of the network on account of inadequate lightning protection design or EMC design of the existing network in which a new module (equipment or system) is introduced. One wonders if these problems act as a brake on the upgrading plans of the railways. Also the new railway systems which incorporate advanced signal/control/communication systems sometimes suffers from the effects of lightning transients because many of the standards and guidelines used in the design dates back to the age of electromechanical devices and hence do not include robust transient protection design. There were many attempts to address EMC issues in railways, but usually these attempts were confined to solving immediate problems of EMI due to introduction of new locomotive drives and EMI due to sparks at the pantograph. A comprehensive review of railway system from the angle of lightning protection and EMC is not yet carried out. This work discusses the EMC problems of large distributed systems, with particular reference to lightning interaction with Swedish rail network.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Transmission line, lightning attachment, crosstalk, transients.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-11931OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-11931DiVA: diva2:290553
Presented at the Railway Engineering Conference 2007 London2010-02-042010-01-272010-04-28