Spatial delineation of soil erosion vulnerability in the Lake Tana Basin, Ethiopia
2009 (English)In: Hydrological Processes, ISSN 0885-6087, E-ISSN 1099-1085, Vol. 23, no 26, 3738-3750 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The main objective of this study was to identify the most vulnerable areas to soil erosion in the Lake Tana Basin, Blue Nile, Ethiopia using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT), a physically based distributed hydrological model, and a Geographic Information System based decision support system that uses multi-criteria evaluation (NICE). The SWAT model was used to estimate the sediment yield within each sub-basin and identify the most sediment contributing areas in the basin. Using the NICE analysis, an attempt was made to combine a set of factors (land use, soil, slope and river layers) to make a decision according to the stated objective. On the basis of simulated SWAT, sediment yields greater than 30 tons/ha for each of the sub-basin area, 18.4% of the watershed was determined to be high erosion potential area. The NICE results indicated that 12-30.5% of the watershed is high erosion potential area. Both approaches show comparable watershed area with high soil erosion susceptibility. The output of this research can aid policy and decision makers in determining the soil erosion 'hot spots' and the relevant soil and water conservation measures. (C) Copyright 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 23, no 26, 3738-3750 p.
soil erosion, Lake Tana, SWAT, MCE, GIS, hydrologic modeling, NONPOINT-SOURCE POLLUTION, WATER ASSESSMENT-TOOL, SWAT MODEL, MULTICRITERIA EVALUATION, CALIBRATION, PARAMETERS, HYDROLOGY, TRANSPORT, CRITERIA
Water Engineering Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-12020DOI: 10.1002/hyp.7476ISI: 000273438100011ScopusID: 2-s2.0-76149099237OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-12020DiVA: diva2:294401