Water and Carbon Balance Modeling: Methods of Uncertainty Analysis
2010 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
How do additional data of the same and/or different type contribute to reducing model parameter and predictive uncertainties? This was the question addressed with two models – the HBV hydrological water balance model and the ICBM soil carbon balance model – that were used to investigate the usefulness of the Generalized Likelihood Uncertainty Estimation (GLUE) method for calibrations and uncertainty analyses. The GLUE method is based on threshold screening of Monte Carlo simulations using so-called informal likelihood measures and subjective acceptance criterion. This method is highly appropriate for model calibrations when errors are dominated by epistemic rather than stochastic uncertainties. The informative value of data for model calibrations was investigated with numerous calibrations aimed at conditioning posterior parameter distributions and boundaries on model predictions. The key results demonstrated examples of: 1) redundant information in daily time series of hydrological data; 2) diminishing returns in the value of continued time series data collections of the same type; 3) the potential value of additional data of a different type; 4) a means to effectively incorporate fuzzy information in model calibrations; and 5) the robustness of estimated parameter uncertainty for portability of a soil carbon model between and tropical climate zones. The key to obtaining these insights lied in the methods of uncertainty analysis used to produce them. A paradigm for selecting between formal and informal likelihood measures in uncertainty analysis is presented and discussed for future use within a context of climate related environmental modeling.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology , 2010. , 26 p.
Trita-LWR. LIC, ISSN 1650-8629 ; 2048
Modeling, uncertainty analysis, water balance, carbon balance, GLUE
Other Environmental Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-12160ISBN: 978-91-7415-564-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-12160DiVA: diva2:304204
2010-03-24, V32, Teknikringen 72, KTH, 13:15 (English)
Lindgren, Georg, Professor
Jansson, Per-Erik, Professor
QC 201104142010-03-222010-03-172011-04-15Bibliographically approved
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