Numerical studies of wall effects with laminar methane flames
2002 (English)In: Combustion and Flame, ISSN 0010-2180, E-ISSN 1556-2921, Vol. 128, no 1-2, 165-180 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Wall effects in the combustion of lean methane mixtures have been studied numerically using the CHEMKIN software. To gain a deeper understanding of the flame-wall interaction in lean burn combustion, and in particular the kinetic and thermal effects, we have simulated lean and steady methane/air flames in a boundary layer flow. The gas-phase chemistry is modeled with the GRI mechanism version 1.2. Boundary conditions include an inert wall, a recombination wall and catalytic combustion of methane. Different pressures, wall temperatures and fuel-air ratios are used to address questions such as which part of the wall effects is most important at a given set of conditions. As the results are analyzed it can be seen that the thermal wall effects are more significant at the lower wall temperature (600 K) and the wall can essentially be modeled as chemical inert for the lean mixtures used. At the higher wall temperature (1,200 K), the chemical wall effects become more significant and at the higher pressure (10 atm) the catalytic surface retards homogeneous combustion of methane more than the recombination wall because of product inhibition. This may explain the increased emissions of unburned fuel observed in engine studies, when using catalytic coatings on the cylinder walls. The overall wall effects were more pronounced for the leaner combustion case (phi = 0.2). When the position of the reaction zone obtained from the boundary layer calculations is compared with the results from a one-dimensional premixed flame model, there is a small but significant difference except at the richer combustion case (phi = 0.4) at atmospheric pressure, where the boundary layer model may not predict the flame position for the given initial conditions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 128, no 1-2, 165-180 p.
INERT SURFACES, COMBUSTION, HYDROGEN, PLATINUM, MODEL, AIR
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-12249DOI: 10.1016/S0010-2180(01)00342-XISI: 000173661900011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-12249DiVA: diva2:306699
QC 201005042010-03-302010-03-302013-01-23Bibliographically approved