Photo-induced dark states influorescence spectroscopy – investigations & applications
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
This thesis focuses on investigations of transient dark states of fluorescentmolecules using spectroscopic techniques. The main purpose is to show andconvince the reader that transient dark states are not always a nuisance, butalso represent an additional source of information. Several studies with fluorescencecorrelation spectroscopy were performed, all related to non-fluorescentstates such as triplet state or isomerized states.Photobleaching is one of the main problems in virtually all of the fluorescencetechniques. In this thesis, mechanisms that retard photobleaching arecharacterized. Several compounds, antioxidants and triplet state quenchers,which decrease photobleaching, are studied, and guidelines for achieving optimalfluorescence brightness using these compounds are presented.Triplet state quenching by several compounds was studied. Detailed investigationsof the fluorescence quencher potassium iodide demonstratedthat for some of fluorophores, except of quenching, there is fluorescence enhancementmechanism present. In agreement with the first publication inthis thesis, antioxidative properties were found to play an important role inthe fluorescence enhancement. Quenching of the triplet state is proposedas a tool for monitoring diffusion mediated reactions over a wide range offrequencies.Specially designed fluorophores combining high triplet yields with reasonablefluorescence brightness and photostability were characterized forpossible applications in novel super-resolution imaging techniques based onfluorescence photoswitching. Except of benefits for imaging techniques, photoinducedswitching to non-fluorescent states could be used for monitoringmolecular diffusion, which was also demonstrated in this thesis.Studies of the triplet state kinetics of fluorophores close to dielectric interfaceswere performed using fluorescence spectroscopy. The analysis of thetriplet state kinetic can provide information about the local microenvironmentand electrostatic interactions near dielectric interfaces.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2010. , vii, 111 p.
Trita-FYS, ISSN 0280-316X ; 2010:20
fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, triplet state, isomerisation, photobleaching, quenching, diffusion, total internal reflection, interface
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-12372ISBN: 978-91-628-8108-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-12372DiVA: diva2:310078
2010-04-29, FA31, Albanova University Center, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Hofkens, Johan, Prof.
Widengren, Jerker, Prof.
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