ORWARE – A simulation model for organic waste handling systems.: Part 1: Model description
1997 (English)In: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, ISSN 0921-3449, Vol. 21, no 1, 17-37 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A simulation model, ORWARE (ORganic WAste REsearch), for the handling of organic waste in urban areas has been constructed. The model provides a comprehensive view of the environmental effects, plant nutrient utilisation and energy turnover for this large and complex system. The ORWARE model consists of several sub-models; sewage plant, incineration, landfill, compost, anaerobic digestion, truck transport, transport by sewers, residue transport and spreading of residues on arable land. The model is intended for simulating different scenarios, and the results are: emissions to air and water, energy turnover and the amount of residues returned to arable land. All results are presented, both as the gross figure for the entire system and figures for each process. Throughout the model all physical flows are described by the same variable vector, consisting of 43 substances. This extensive vector facilitates a thorough analysis of the results, but involves some difficulties in acquiring relevant data. In this paper, the model is described. Results from a hypothetical case study are presented in a companion paper.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 21, no 1, 17-37 p.
Systems analysis; Modelling; Waste management; Environmental impact; Plant nutrient recycling; Integrated waste management
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-12389DOI: 10.1016/S0921-3449(97)00020-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-12389DiVA: diva2:310669
QC 201004152010-04-152010-04-152011-02-08Bibliographically approved