Driving force for f.c.c.→b.c.c. martensites in Fe-X alloys
1997 (English)In: Acta Materialia, ISSN 1359-6454, E-ISSN 1873-2453, Vol. 45, no 5, 2079-2091 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Information on Ms, the starting temperature for formation of martensite, is reviewed and one Ms line each for lath and plate martensite are drawn in a number of Fe-X phase diagrams. A reasonable interpretation of the data indicates the possibility that the distance between the two lines may vary linearly with temperature and be independent of the choice of alloying element. Using thermodynamic descriptions of the binary systems, the driving force for the start of the formation of the two kinds of martensite is calculated from the same interpretation of data. When plotted against temperature the results indicate that the driving force for martensite may not be much affected by solution hardening but may mainly be a function of temperature. For plate martensite it may have a fairly constant value of about 2100 J/mol. For lath martensite it may vary linearly, possibly from 500 J/mol at 800°C to 2100 J/mol at 250°C.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 45, no 5, 2079-2091 p.
Alloying elements; Binary alloys; Hardening; Iron alloys; Martensitic transformations; Phase diagrams; Thermal effects; Thermodynamic properties; Driving forces; Solution hardening; Martensite
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-12507DOI: 10.1016/S1359-6454(96)00308-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-12507DiVA: diva2:315571
QC 201004292010-04-292010-04-292010-04-29Bibliographically approved