Modelling of minority ion cyclotron current drive during the activated phase of ITER
2005 (English)In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 45, no 12, 1510-1523 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Neoclassical tearing modes, triggered by the long-period sawteeth expected in tokamaks with large non-thermal α-particle populations, may impose a severe β limit on experiments with large fusion yields and on reactors. Sawtooth destabilization by localized current drive could relax the β limit and improve plasma performance. 3He minority ion cyclotron current drive around the sawtooth inversion radius has been planned for ITER. Several ion species, including beam injected D ions and fusion born α particles, are however also resonant in the plasma and may represent a parasitic absorption of RF power. Modelling of minority ion cyclotron current drive in an ITER-FEAT-like plasma is presented, including the effects of ion trapping, finite ion drift orbit widths, wave-induced radial transport and the coupled evolution of wave fields and resonant ion distributions. The parasitic absorption of RF power by the other resonant species is concluded to be relatively small, but the 3He minority current drive is nevertheless negligible due to the strong collisionality of the 3He ions and the drag current by toroidally counter-rotating background ions and co-rotating electrons. H minority current drive is found to be a significantly more effective alternative.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 45, no 12, 1510-1523 p.
Absorption, Electric currents, Electrons, Plasmas, Co-rotating electrons, Localized current drive, Minority ion cyclotron currents, Resonant ion drive, Tokamak devices
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-12714DOI: 10.1088/0029-5515/45/12/006ISI: 000234452300009ScopusID: 2-s2.0-28844470775OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-12714DiVA: diva2:318262
QC 201005072010-05-072010-05-072011-10-20Bibliographically approved