Serine Hydrolase Selectivity: Kinetics and applications in organic and analytical chemistry
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The substrate selectivities for different serine hydrolases were utilized in various applications, presented in papers I-VI. The articles are discussed in the thesis in view of the kinetics of the enzyme catalysis involved.
In paper I the enantioselectivities towards a range of secondary alcohols were reversed for Candida antarctica lipase B by site directed mutagenesis. The thermodynamic components of the enantioselectivity were determined for the mutated variant of the lipase.
In papers II-III Candida antarctica lipase B was engineered for selective monoacylation using two different approaches. A variant of the lipase created for substrate assisted catalysis (paper II) and three different variants with mutations which decreased the volume of the active site (paper III) were evaluated. Enzyme kinetics for the different variants were measured and translated into activation energies for comparison of the approaches.
In papers IV and V three different enzymes were used for rapid analysis of enantiomeric excess and conversion of O-acylated cyanohydrins synthesized by a defined protocol. Horse liver alcohol dehydrogenase, Candida antarctica lipase B and pig liver esterase were sequentially added to a solution containing the O-acylated cyanohydrin. Each enzyme caused a drop in absorbance from oxidation of NADH to NAD+. The product yield and enantiomeric excess was calculated from the relative differences in absorbance.
In paper VI a method for C-terminal peptide sequencing was developed based on conventional Carboxypeptidase Y digestion combined with matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry. An alternative nucleophile was used to obtain a stable peptide ladder and improve sequence coverage.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2010. , viii, 62 p.
Trita-BIO-Report, ISSN 1654-2312 ; 2010:12
Candida antarctica lipase B, monoacylation of diols, kinetic resolution, thermodynamics in enzyme catalysis, enzyme engineering
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-12831ISBN: 978-91-7415-663-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-12831DiVA: diva2:319091
2010-06-04, FD5, AlbaNova University Center, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 15:42 (English)
Janssen, Dick, Professor
Hult, Karl, Professor
List of papers