The effect of addition of chromate on the hydrogen evolution reaction and on iron oxidation in hydroxide and chlorate solutions
1992 (English)In: Electrochimica Acta, ISSN 0013-4686, E-ISSN 1873-3859, Vol. 37, no 10, 1873-1881 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The addition of chromate to the electrolyte has been shown in previous papers to hinder almost completely the electroreduction of hypochlorite, while the hydrogen evolution reaction can still proceed on the cathode surface. The effect of chromate on the latter reaction has been studied with cyclic voltammetry and by measuring polarization curves for iron electrodes in both chlorate and hydroxide electrolyte. For the sake of comparison, the investigations have also included the effects on the gold electrode in hydroxide solution. The results showed that the kinetics is changed in a way that decreases the differences in electrocatalytic activity between different electrode materials. Also, the innermost layer of the chromium hydroxide film seems to be the most active part in the HER. The chromate also affects the oxidation of the iron surface. A practical result of this is that the activity for the HER on corroded iron in chlorate electrolyte depends on whether the electrolyte contained chromate during the period of corrosion. The activation becomes much smaller if chromate is present.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1992. Vol. 37, no 10, 1873-1881 p.
chlorate manufacture, chromate, chromium hydroxide, hydrogen evolution reaction, iron oxidation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13052DOI: 10.1016/0013-4686(92)85093-ZOAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-13052DiVA: diva2:320382
QC 201005252010-05-252010-05-252016-05-31Bibliographically approved