Sterilization, storage stability and in vivo biocompatibility of poly(trimethylene carbonate)/poly(adipic anhydride) blends
2000 (English)In: Biomaterials, ISSN 0142-9612, E-ISSN 1878-5905, Vol. 21, no 9, 945-955 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Biodegradable blends of poly(trimethylene carbonate) (PTMC) and poly(adipic anhydride) (PAA) have been proven to be strong candidates for controlled drug delivery polymers in vitro. We now report on the stability, sterilizability and in vivo local tissue response of these matrices. Blend matrices were sterilized by beta-radiation or ethylene oxide gas treatment, stored at different times and temperatures, and analyzed for changes in physicochemical properties. Moisture uptake at different relative humidities and storage times was determined. Sterilization procedures induced hydrolysis of the matrices. Ethylene oxide gas sterilization had a significantly more marked effect upon the matrix properties than radiation treatment. The onset of degradation was reflected in a decrease of crystallinity and molecular weight along with a change of blend composition. A similar onset of matrix degradation was observed upon storage in air. The physicochemical properties of the blends were well preserved upon storage under argon atmosphere. Biocompatibility of PTMC/PAA implants was assessed in the anterior chamber of rabbits eyes for 1 month. At selected post-operative time points, aqueous humor was analyzed for white blood cells and the corneal thickness was measured. The results suggest good biocompatability of PTMC-rich matrices, whereas fast eroding PAA-rich matrices caused inflammatory responses, due to a burst release of degradation products.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 21, no 9, 945-955 p.
poly(trimethylene carbonate), poly(adipic acid), sterilization, in vivo, degradable blends, implant, DRUG-CARRIER MATRICES, IN-VITRO, BIOERODIBLE POLYANHYDRIDES, CONTROLLED-RELEASE, POLYMERS, DEGRADATION, CARBONATE)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13122DOI: 10.1016/S0142-9612(99)00268-9ISI: 000085787000010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-13122DiVA: diva2:321010
QC 201005282010-05-282010-05-282010-05-28Bibliographically approved