Use of germanium initiators in ring-opening polymerization of L-lactide
2003 (English)In: Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 0887-624X, E-ISSN 1099-0518, Vol. 41, no 19, 3074-3082 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Three different, new germanium initiators were used for ring-opening polymerization Of L-lactide. Chlorobenzene and 120 degreesC was a usable polymerization system for solution polymerization, and the results from the polymerizations depended on the initiator structure and bulkiness around the insertion site. The average molecular weights as measured by size exclusion chromatography increased linearly with the monomer conversion, and the molecular weight dispersity was around 1.2 for initiators 1 and 2, whereas it was around 1.4 for initiator 3. The average molecular weight of poly(L-lactide) could be controlled with all three initiators by adding different ratios of monomer and initiator. The reaction rate for the solution polymerization was, however, overall extremely slow. With an initial monomer concentration of 1 M and a monomer-to-initiator ratio of 50, the conversion was 93% after 161 h for the fastest initiator. In bulk polymerization, 160 degreesC, the conversion was 90% after 10 h.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 41, no 19, 3074-3082 p.
germanium initiators, ring-opening polymerization, aliphatic polyesters, block copolymers, EPSILON-CAPROLACTONE, ALUMINUM ALKOXIDES, POLYLACTONES, 1, 5-DIOXEPAN-2-ONE, SALTS, LACTONES, LACTATE
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13185DOI: 10.1002/pola.10887ISI: 000185172500016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-13185DiVA: diva2:321689
QC 201006022010-06-022010-06-022010-06-02Bibliographically approved