Wideband Sigma-Delta Modulators
2010 (English)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Sigma-delta modulators (SDM) have come up as an attractive candidatefor analog-to-digital conversion in single chip front ends thanks to the continuousimproving performance. The major disadvantage is the limited bandwidthdue to the need of oversampling. Therefore, extending these convertersto broadband applications requires lowering the oversampling ratio (OSR) inorder. The aim of this thesis is the investigation on the topology and structureof sigma-delta modulators suitable for wideband applications, e.g. wireline orwireless communication system applications having a digital baseband aboutone to ten MHz.It has recently become very popular to feedforward the input signal inwideband sigma-delta modulators, so that the integrators only process quantizationerrors. The advantage being that the actual signal is not distorted byopamp and integrator nonlinearities. An improved feedforward 2-2 cascadedstructure is presented based on unity-gain signal transfer function (STF). Theimproved signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) is obtained by optimizing zero placementof the noise transfer function (NTF) and adopting multi-bit quantizer.The proposed structure has low distortion across the entire input range.In high order single loop continuous-time (CT) sigma-delta modulator, excessloop delay may cause instability. Previous techniques in compensation ofinternal quantizer and feedback DAC delay are studied especially for the feedforwardstructure. Two alternative low power feedforward continuous-timesigma-delta modulators with excess loop delay compensation are proposed.Simulation based CT modulator synthesis from discrete time topologies isadopted to obtain the loop filter coefficients. Design examples are given toillustrate the proposed structure and synthesis methodology.Continuous time quadrature bandpass sigma-delta modulators (QBSDM)efficiently realize asymmetric noise-shaping due to its complex filtering embeddedin the loops. The effect of different feedback waveforms inside themodulator on the NTF of quadrature sigma-delta modulators is presented.An observation is made that a complex NTF can be realized by implementingthe loop as a cascade of complex integrators with a SCR feedback digital-toanalogconverter (DAC), which is desirable for its lower sensitivity to loopmismatch. The QBSDM design for different bandpass center frequencies relativeto the sampling frequency is illustrated.The last part of the thesis is devoted to the design of a wideband reconfigurablesigma-delta pipelined modulator, which consists of a 2-1-1 cascadedmodulator and a pipelined analog-to-digital convertor (ADC) as a multi-bitquantizer in the last stage. It is scalable for different bandwidth/resolutionapplication. The detail design is presented from system to circuit level. Theprototype chip is fabricated in TSMC 0.25um process and measured on thetest bench. The measurement results show that a SNR over 60dB is obtainedwith a sampling frequency of 70 MHz and an OSR of ten.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2010. , xiii, 97 p.
Trita-ICT-COS, ISSN 1653-6347 ; 1005
sigma-delta modulator, feedforward, reconfigurable, quadrature bandpass filtering
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13212ISBN: 978-91-7415-687-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-13212DiVA: diva2:322140
2010-06-14, Sal C1, Electrum1, Isafjordsgatan 26, Kista, 14:00 (English)
Wikner, Jakob, Associate Professor
Signell, Svante, Docent