Description and modelling of the solar–hydrogen–biogas-fuel cell system in GlashusEtt
2004 (English)In: Journal of Power Sources, ISSN 0378-7753, no 131, 340-350 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The need to reduce pollutant emissions and utilise the world's available energy resources more efficiently has led to increased attention towards e.g. fuel cells, but also to other alternative energy solutions. In order to further understand and evaluate the prerequisites for sustainable and energy-saving systems, ABB and Fortum have equipped an environmental information centre, located in Hammarby Sjostad, Stockholm, Sweden, with an alternative energy system. The system is being used to demonstrate and evaluate how a system based on fuel cells and solar cells can function as a complement to existing electricity and heat production. The stationary energy system is situated on the top level of a three-floor glass building and is open to the public. The alternative energy system consists of a fuel cell system, a photovoltaic (PV) cell array, an electrolyser, hydrogen storage tanks, a biogas burner, dc/ac inverters, heat exchangers and an accumulator tank. The fuel cell system includes a reformer and a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) with a maximum rated electrical output of 4 kW(el) and a maximum thermal output of 6.5 kW(th). The fuel cell stack can be operated with reformed biogas, or directly using hydrogen produced by the electrolyser. The cell stack in the electrolyser consists of proton exchange membrane (PEM) cells. To evaluate different automatic control strategies for the system, a simplified dynamic model has been developed in MATLAB Simulink. The model based on measurement data taken from the actual system. The evaluation is based on demand curves, investment costs, electricity prices and irradiation. Evaluation criteria included in the model are electrical and total efficiencies as well as economic parameters.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. no 131, 340-350 p.
Solar; Fuel cell system; Photovoltaic cell
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13215DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2003.11.094ISI: 000221418800051ScopusID: 2-s2.0-2342454622OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-13215DiVA: diva2:322202
QC 201407212010-06-042010-06-042015-07-21Bibliographically approved