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On the disturbance growth in an asymptotic suction boundary layer
KTH, Superseded Departments, Mechanics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3251-8328
KTH, Superseded Departments, Mechanics.
2003 (English)In: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0022-1120, E-ISSN 1469-7645, Vol. 482, 51-90 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An experimental and theoretical study on the effect of boundary layer suction on the laminar-turbulent transition process has been carried out. In the study an asymptotic suction boundary layer was established in a wind tunnel with a free-stream velocity of 5.0 m s(-1). Wall-normal suction (suction velocity 1.44 cm s(-1)) was applied over a large area and the boundary layer was nearly constant over a length of 1800 mm. Measurements were made both with and without suction so comparisons between the two cases could easily be made. Measurements of the development of the mean velocity distribution showed good agreement with theory. The Reynolds number based on the displacement thickness for the suction boundary layer was 347. Experiments on both the development of forced Tollmien-Schlichting (TS) waves and boundary layer disturbances introduced by free-stream turbulence were carried out. Spatial linear stability calculations for TS-waves, where the wall-normal velocity component is accounted for, were carried out for comparison with the experiments. This comparison shows satisfactory agreement even though the stability of the asymptotic suction profile is somewhat overpredicted by the theory. Free-stream turbulence (FST) was generated by three different grids, giving turbulence intensities at the leading edge of the plate between 1.4% and 4.0%. The FST induces disturbances in the boundary layer and it was shown that for the present suction rate the disturbance level inside the boundary layer is constant and becomes proportional to the FST intensity. In all cases transition was prevented when suction was applied whereas without suction the two highest levels of grid turbulence gave rise to transition. Despite a twofold reduction in the boundary layer thickness in the suction case compared to the no suction case the spanwise scale of the streaky structures was almost constant.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 482, 51-90 p.
Keyword [en]
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13236DOI: 10.1017/S0022112003003926ISI: 000183514200003OAI: diva2:322550
QC 20100607Available from: 2010-06-07 Created: 2010-06-07 Last updated: 2010-06-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Flow control of boundary lagers and wakes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Flow control of boundary lagers and wakes
2003 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Both experimental and theoretical studies have beenconsidered on flat plate boundary layers as well as on wakesbehind porous cylinders. The main thread in this work iscontrol, which is applied passively and actively on boundarylayers in order to inhibit or postpone transition toturbulence; and actively through the cylinder surface in orderto effect the wakecharacteristics.

An experimental set-up for the generation of the asymptoticsuction boundary layer (ASBL) has been constructed. This studyis the first, ever, that report a boundary layer flow ofconstant boundary layer thickness over a distance of 2 metres.Experimental measurements in the evolution region, from theBlasius boundary layer (BBL) to the ASBL, as well as in theASBL are in excellent agreement with boundary layer analysis.The stability of the ASBL has experimentally been tested, bothto Tollmien-Schlichting waves as well as to free streamturbulence (FST), for relatively low Reynolds numbers (Re). For the former disturbances good agreement is foundfor the streamwise amplitude profiles and the phase velocitywhen compared with linear spatial stability theory. However,the energy decay factor predicted by theory is slightlyoverestimated compared to the experimental findings. The latterdisturbances are known to engender streamwise elongated regionsof high and low speeds of fluid, denoted streaks, in a BBL.This type of spanwise structures have been shown to appear inthe ASBL as well, with the same spanwise wavelength as in theBBL, despite the fact that the boundary layer thickness issubstantially reduced in the ASBL case. The spanwise wavenumberof the optimal perturbation in the ASBL has been calculated andis β = 0.53, when normalized with the displacementthickness. The spanwise scale of the streaks decreases withincreasing turbulence intensity (Tu) and approaches the scale given by optimalperturbation theory. This has been shown for the BBL case aswell.

The initial energy growth of FST induced disturbances hasexperimentally been found to grow linearly as Tu2Rexin the BBL, the transitional Reynolds numberto vary as Tu-2, and the intermittency function to have a relativelywell-defined distribution, valid for all Tu.

The wake behind a porous cylinder subject to continuoussuction or blowing has been studied, where amongst other thingsthe Strouhal number (St) has been shown to increase strongly with suction,namely, up to 50% for a suction rate of 2.5% of the free streamvelocity. In contrast, blowing shows a decrease ofStof around 25% for a blowing rate of 5% of the freestream velocity in the considered Reynolds number range.

Keywords:Laminar-turbulent transition, asymptoticsuction boundary layer, free stream turbulence,Tollmien-Schlichting wave, stability, flow control, cylinderwake.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2003. viii, 60 p.
Trita-MEK, ISSN 0348-467X ; 2003:18
Laminar-turbulent transition, asymptotic suction boundary layer, free stream turbulence, Tollmien-Schlichting wave, stability, flow control, cylinder wake
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3664 (URN)
Public defence
2003-12-12, 00:00
QC 20100607Available from: 2003-12-05 Created: 2003-12-05 Last updated: 2010-06-07Bibliographically approved

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