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Flow around a porous cylinder subject to continuous suction or blowing
KTH, Superseded Departments, Mechanics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3251-8328
KTH, Superseded Departments, Mechanics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1146-3241
2004 (English)In: Journal of Fluids and Structures, ISSN 0889-9746, E-ISSN 1095-8622, Vol. 19, no 8, 1031-1048 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the present experimental investigation the surface pressure distribution, vortex shedding frequency, and the wake flow behind a porous circular cylinder are studied when continuous suction or blowing is applied through the cylinder walls. It is found that even moderate levels of suction/blowing (less than or similar to 5% of the oncoming streamwise velocity) have a large impact on the flow around the cylinder. Suction delays separation contributing to a narrower wake width, and a corresponding reduction of drag, whereas blowing shows the opposite behaviour. Both uniform suction and blowing display unexpected flow features which are analysed in detail. Suction shows a decrease of the turbulence intensity throughout the whole wake when compared with the natural case, whilst blowing only shows an effect up to five diameters downstream of the cylinder. The drag on the cylinder is shown to increase linearly with the blowing rate, whereas for suction there is a drastic decrease at a specific suction rate. This is shown to be an effect of the separation point moving towards the rear part of the cylinder, similar to what happens when transition to turbulence occurs in the boundary layer on a solid cylinder. The suction/blowing rate can empirically be represented by an effective Reynolds number for the solid cylinder, and an analytical expression for this Reynolds number representation is proposed and verified. Flow visualizations expose the complexity of the flow field in the near wake of the cylinder, and image averaging enables the retrieval of quantitative information, such as the vortex formation length.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 19, no 8, 1031-1048 p.
Keyword [en]
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13242DOI: 10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2004.06.005ISI: 000225512600001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-8744259512OAI: diva2:322573
QC 20100607 QC 20110915Available from: 2010-06-07 Created: 2010-06-07 Last updated: 2011-09-15Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Flow control of boundary lagers and wakes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Flow control of boundary lagers and wakes
2003 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Both experimental and theoretical studies have beenconsidered on flat plate boundary layers as well as on wakesbehind porous cylinders. The main thread in this work iscontrol, which is applied passively and actively on boundarylayers in order to inhibit or postpone transition toturbulence; and actively through the cylinder surface in orderto effect the wakecharacteristics.

An experimental set-up for the generation of the asymptoticsuction boundary layer (ASBL) has been constructed. This studyis the first, ever, that report a boundary layer flow ofconstant boundary layer thickness over a distance of 2 metres.Experimental measurements in the evolution region, from theBlasius boundary layer (BBL) to the ASBL, as well as in theASBL are in excellent agreement with boundary layer analysis.The stability of the ASBL has experimentally been tested, bothto Tollmien-Schlichting waves as well as to free streamturbulence (FST), for relatively low Reynolds numbers (Re). For the former disturbances good agreement is foundfor the streamwise amplitude profiles and the phase velocitywhen compared with linear spatial stability theory. However,the energy decay factor predicted by theory is slightlyoverestimated compared to the experimental findings. The latterdisturbances are known to engender streamwise elongated regionsof high and low speeds of fluid, denoted streaks, in a BBL.This type of spanwise structures have been shown to appear inthe ASBL as well, with the same spanwise wavelength as in theBBL, despite the fact that the boundary layer thickness issubstantially reduced in the ASBL case. The spanwise wavenumberof the optimal perturbation in the ASBL has been calculated andis β = 0.53, when normalized with the displacementthickness. The spanwise scale of the streaks decreases withincreasing turbulence intensity (Tu) and approaches the scale given by optimalperturbation theory. This has been shown for the BBL case aswell.

The initial energy growth of FST induced disturbances hasexperimentally been found to grow linearly as Tu2Rexin the BBL, the transitional Reynolds numberto vary as Tu-2, and the intermittency function to have a relativelywell-defined distribution, valid for all Tu.

The wake behind a porous cylinder subject to continuoussuction or blowing has been studied, where amongst other thingsthe Strouhal number (St) has been shown to increase strongly with suction,namely, up to 50% for a suction rate of 2.5% of the free streamvelocity. In contrast, blowing shows a decrease ofStof around 25% for a blowing rate of 5% of the freestream velocity in the considered Reynolds number range.

Keywords:Laminar-turbulent transition, asymptoticsuction boundary layer, free stream turbulence,Tollmien-Schlichting wave, stability, flow control, cylinderwake.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2003. viii, 60 p.
Trita-MEK, ISSN 0348-467X ; 2003:18
Laminar-turbulent transition, asymptotic suction boundary layer, free stream turbulence, Tollmien-Schlichting wave, stability, flow control, cylinder wake
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3664 (URN)
Public defence
2003-12-12, 00:00
QC 20100607Available from: 2003-12-05 Created: 2003-12-05 Last updated: 2010-06-07Bibliographically approved

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